Name Details

Name: William Speirs Bruce
Dates: 1867-1921
Notes: Polar explorer.
Surgeon, 'Balaena', Dundee Whalers Antarctic Expedition, 1892-1893.
Director, Ben Nevis Observatory, 1894-1896.
Naturalist, Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic Expedition to Franz Josef Land, 1896-1897.
'Blencathra', Andrew Coats Arctic expedition, 1898.
'Princess Alice', Prince of Monaco expedition, 1898-1899.
Leader, Scottish National Antarctic Expedition, 1902-1904.
Established Scottish Oceanographical Laboratory, Edinburgh, 1907; closed 1920.
Leader, Scottish expeditions to Spitzbergen, 1906-1919.
Manager, whaling station, Seychelles, 1914-1915.
Born London, 1 August 1867.
Ll.D., University of Aberdeen, 1907.
Married Jessie Mackenzie, 1901.
Died Edinburgh, 28 October 1921.
[See: R.N.R. Brown, A naturalist at the Poles: the life, work and voyages of Dr W.S. Bruce, the polar explorer (London, 1923); R.N.R. Brown, 'W.S. Bruce, Ll.D.', Scottish Geographical Magazine, vol. 38 (1922), pp 46-48; W.S. Bruce, 'Spitzbergen, 1898 and 1899: voyages with H.S.H. the Prince of Monaco', Scottish Geographical Magazine, vol. 16 (1900), pp 534-550; W.S. Bruce, 'With the yachts 'Blencathra' and 'Princesse Alice' to the Barents and Greenland seas', Scottish Geographical Magazine, vol. 15 (1899), pp 113-126; D.N.B.; Peter Speak, William Speirs Bruce: polar explorer and Scottish nationalist (Edinburgh, 2003); G.N. Swinney, 'Some new perspectives on the life of William Speirs Bruce (1867-1921), with a preliminary catalogue of the Bruce collection of manuscripts in the University of Edinburgh', Archives of Natural History, vol. 28 (2001), pp 285-311]
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