Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 509 (V.8.12)
Title: System of Physic
Images: [ MS Hunter 509 fol 14r ]
Associated Websites: MS Hunter 509. Digitised version hosted by University of Malaga (registration required)
Date of Creation: Between 1299 and 1399
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Unknown Author's System of Physic.
System of Physic:
Begins (1, 1 [f. 1] recto line 1): [space for initial I] T is to vndyrstonde [th]at a man is mad of iiij
Ends (22, 4 [f. 167] verso line 24): other with [th]e whi[th] . [th]e white of an ey [therefore] laus creatoris amen. = U.7.1, f. 145 verso lines 19, 20.
Remarks: Between i, 4. and 1, 1. on a loose sheet of note-paper in Dr. Wm. Hunter's hand: This M.S. [A System of Physic,] | seems to be written in the oldest | english that is now intelligible, | many of the Saxon characters | being used in it | It begins thus | This/Tis to undyrstonde that a man | is mad of iiij elements and every | man hath iiij humors lyke to the iiij elements. These be the iiij | elements ffyer Eyr Watyr and Erthe. Every body levyng hath | summat of them but not every body alyche The furst element | is ffyer and that etc | It ends with | Sekenesse in the Ers. | Of this I have another copy more complete.
The foliation begins twice, renumbering f. 3, 'fo. 1', and going on thereafter to the end, with the following errors: f. 17 numbered twice, omitting folio between f. 127 and f. 128, and doubling f. 162.
ff. 168 verso, 169 recto contain medical receipts in a XV. Cent. hand: ffor the mydgryne uel mygryne beginning: Bye of the apotecarye a gumme that ys callyd | sanguis draconis... and ending: wyth June . iij . dayys he shall be | hool be goddys good grace. Amen. | Iteme I Robart beuerley hathe wretten all this booke etc.
On f. 171 recto in a late XIV. Cent. hand: Ego sum bonus puer quem deus.
On f. 171 verso in a XV. Cent. hand: ffor the stoon and Strangurye . id est . colyke per D.W. Watman. Here follows prescription of three lines, below which in a XIV. Cent. hand: liber magistri Johannis Sperhawk.
After two four-lined prescriptions in contemporary hands: Sperhawk | Semper Secundum post obitum magistri thome | westaw si superviuat.
Another prescription follows headed thus: per serpigeram . id est . ryngworme secundum fratrem . I . Stamford.
Under this, in the same hand as on f. 169 recto: Amen quod Robart beuerley. Under this autograph come seven or eight lines of Latin in hexameters and pentameters (early XV. Cent. hand): Pluris opes nunc sunt quam prisci temporis annis | Creuerunt et opes et opum furiosa cupido | Et cum possideant plurima plura petunt etc. ending: Omnia mens humilis vincere sola potest.
Another copy of this work is press-marked, U.7.1.
[Formerly Q.8.16; Q.8.154].
MS. in early-mid 15th century hand: Per A.I. Doyle, Durham University Library, June 1954.
Binding is Russia calf.
R. Beverley's claim on f. 169r patently untrue: Per A.I. Doyle.
f. 171v: D.W. Watman: Per A.I. Doyle.
Main text (ff. 15-167v) identified as pharmaceutical writings of Gilbertus Anglicus [Faye M. Getz, Healing and society in medieval England (Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991)].
ff 1-15 identified by Claire Jones (1997) as Anonymous Middle English treatise on humours, elements, qualities and urines. [Also in MS Hunter 307, ff 1-13.]
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 7 x 5, ff. 176, well written in single cols. of 26-28 lines, each 5 x 3 3/8, signatures (mostly cropped), catchwords, foliation (XV. Cent.), faulty, no illuminations (spaces left for initials), rubricated initials and paragraph marks (confined to ff. 60-62), running titles, margined with brown crayon, not ruled, marginalia (not numerous), marks of pins, ff. 47 verso, 93 recto, clean and well preserved, but badly cropped, fol. sec. And of coldnesse. Cent. XIV.
Binding: Millboards, covered crimson morocco (faded to brown), gilt-tooled edges and sides and panelled back, cinnamon edges, title (dark blue and green shields) (gilt): A SYSTEM | OF | MEDECINE | M.S. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 416.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: English
Material Type: Document
Archival History: Provenance: Sold as Lot 1133 in the sale of Joseph Letherland's library, 1765. Purchased by William Hunter for £0.12.0 according to the British Library copy of the Letherland sale catalogue - shelfmark S.C.S. 6 (2).
Bibliography: Ellis H. Minns, 'John Sperhawke, D.D., Pembroke College, Cambridge', Society Annual Gazette, 23 (Dec. 1949) - discusses one of MS Hunter 509's former owners; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 416-417.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: Robert Beverley fl 1400-1499
provenance: Joseph Letherland 1699-1764
Physician.
provenance: Thomas Sperhawk fl 1400-1499
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