Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 420 (V.4.4)
Title: Horologivm Eternae Sapientiae
Images: [ MS Hunter 414 fol. 94r ] [ MS Hunter 414 fol. 145v-146r ]
Date of Creation: Between 1469 and 1470
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Fratris Johannis, Horologivm Eternae Sapientiae. Gallice. (Frere Jehan [Dit de Souhaube] L'Horloge de Sapience.)
Friar John's ('de Souhaube') The Horologe of Wisdom:
Begins (1, 1 [f. '1'] recto lines 1-3): S [gilt illuminated initial contains a shield bearing quarterly, 1. 3. chief (gules) on a field (argent) a lion rampant (azure) crowned, langued and taloned (or), 2. 4. (or) fleur-de-lisé (azure)] Alemon en son liure de sapience on premier | chapitre dit . Sentite de domino in bonitate | et simplicitate cordis querite illum . Sentez [quotation underlined red]
Ends (19, 1 [f. '145'] recto line 21): esperit de siecle en siecle pardurable. Amen.
Remarks: The bookbinder's name is stamped in gilt letters on the inner margin of the front board. (See Collation.)
On iii, 2 recto in XVIII. Cent. Gothic characters: LEVCOLOGE | de | SAPIENCE, | par | Alemon | Du la maniere | de bien Vinre. | Ecrit | le 11e. Nouembre | 1465 | par Andre Rousseau.
The top half of page 1 is occupied with a gilt bordered bevel-topped picture of the translator presenting his work to his patron. The former, introduced by a grey-headed official, kneels in a crimson robe, through which his blue sleeve emerges, and whih has an ermine-lined cope. The latter is seated on a canopied throne covered (azure) fleur-de-lisé (or); has a brown Louis XI. hat, is grey-haired, and dressed in a buttoned cloth-of-gold habit with a flat collar; other figures are attendants, pages, etc.
On f. 94 recto is a similarly bordered picture representing Christ nimbed in a blue mantle shot with gold, administering the Last Supper to S. Peter and the other Apostles, who all kneel on the green and brown tiled floor of a Gothic Church, with figures of Moses (?) and Elijah (?) in niches on each side of the open doorway, which shows a landscape and conical hill. The same arms as on f. 1 recto are depicted in the following initial S.
On f. 1 recto in a XVII. Cent. hand: A Monsieur de Montagu.
On f. 145 recto the text is followed by a poem in double cols. which occupies the rest of this page and ends overleaf (col. b, line 22): Amen Amen que dieu loctroye. The poem is headed with the following rubric: Es vers cy apres escrips trouverez les noms de ceulx qui ont fait | et fait faire ce present liure [therefore] and from it we learn that the original author of this work was a Dominican monk born in Germany, "Frere Jehan dit de souhaube", in 1389 at "Chastel neuf".
The poem is followed by the following rubricated colophon: Ce present liure appelle lauro- | loge de Sapience fut escript et | paracheue le xxie Jour de No- | uembre La mil. cccc. lxx. par | la main de Andre Rousseau | escripuain demourant a bourges | Et le fist faire Noble et puissant | seigneur Jehan de Vendosme seigneur de chambanays et de | pousanges Conseillier et cham- | bellan du Roy Gouuerneur | et bailli de berry. et Cetera [therefore]
Fol. 146 contains (recto and verso) a table of contents ending: Cy finent les Rubriches de ce present liure appelle | Laurologe De Sapience | Deus Laudetur | A R [rubricated monogram] ousseau.
f. 147 recto (not numbered) has the following names in a XVII. Cent. hand: Ce present liure appartient a monsieur De montegu | After five lines space: Monsieur De balsac Et Loyse De Balsac | Et Anne de balsic Loysette De Balsac [unkeyable character] | Francoys De balsac | After five lines space: Claude De courbeton.
In lower margin: Thomas de balsac.
f. 147 verso (lower margin): Anne de longemean.
f. 148 recto (not numbered): Loyse de balsac bonne Fille [all in the same hand].
This work is apparently that published by A. Verard in Paris, 1493, with the title: Lorloge de Sapience.
This MS. belonged to the famous Gaignat library, and represents No. 874 in de Bure's Catalogue, according to M.P. Meyer (Documents Manuscrits, Paris, 1871, p. 114).
Possibly the Monsieur de Balsac above may be Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac (1594-1654). See Biographie Universelle, ii. 695.
[Formerly Q.3.7; Q.3.40].
For the illumination on fol. 1 recto and fol. 94 recto see Claude Schaeffer, Les débuts de l'atelier de Jean Colombe: Jean Colombe et André Rousseau, prêtre, libraire et 'escrivain' in Gazette des Beaux-Arts, November 1977, pp. 137-150. The illuminations are to be attributed to Colombe.
BL Harley MSS 4335-4339, Boethius De consolatione, were also written by André Rousseau and illuminated by Jean Colombe, see Janet Backhouse, French manuscript illumination 1450-1530 at no. 20, pp. 157-162 in Thomas Koen, Renaissance painting in manuscripts, 1983.
For the Balzac family see Schaeffer's article, note 5
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 10 5/8 x 7 3/8, ff. 148, well written in single cols. of 36 lines, each 7½ x 4 3/8, ruled and margined with red ink, catchwords (mostly cropped), no signatures visible (cropped), foliation rubricated, contemporary (1-146), two pictures (5 x 4 3/8) on the first page and f. 94 recto, gilt illuminated initials (on these pages with blazons), the others gilt with blue ornament and gestures, or blue with red ornament and gestures, paragraph marks similarly treated, rubrics, names of interlocutors rubricated, marginalia with decorated paragraph marks in the same hand, vellum fine, much cropped, otherwise in perfect condition, fol. sec. a celui. Cent. XV. (21st Nov., 1470).
Binding: Millboards, covered cardinal morocco (like V.2.18), gilt-tooled inside margins, edges (lines) and sides (lines), gilt panelled back, gilt edges, green silk ribbon marker, bound by GIRARDOT DE PREFOND, title (gilt) on dark green morocco shields: EUCOLOGE | DE | SAPIENCE | M.S. SUR | VELIN | DE . 1465. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 344.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: French
Material Type: Document
Notes: This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989.
Bibliography: J. Ancelet-Hustache, 'Quelques indications sur les mss. de l'Horloge de Sapience in Heinrich Seue', Studien zum 600. Todestag (1366-1966), ed. E.M. Filthaut (Cologne, 1966); Janet Backhouse, 'French manuscript illumination, 1450-1530', in Thomas Koen, Renaissance painting in manuscripts (1983),. no. 20, pp. 157-162; Claude Schaeffer, 'Les débuts de l'atelier de Jean Colombe: Jean Colombe et André Rousseau, prêtre, libraire et "escrivain"', Gazette des Beaux-Arts, November 1977, pp 137-150; E.P. Spencer, 'L'Horloge de Sapience', Scriptorium, 17 (1963), pp 277-299; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 57; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 344-346.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: John de Souhaube b.1389
Dominican monk.
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
provenance: Francois de Balzac
provenance: Thomas de Balzac
provenance: Louis Jean Gaignat 1697-1768
Secretary to Louis XV of France. His extensive library was sold in 1769.
provenance: Jean Louis Guez de Balzac 1594-1654
provenance: Montagu fl 1600-1699
scribe: André Rousseau fl.1470
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