Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 388 (V.2.8)
Title: Destruction of Troy
Date of Creation: Between 1499 and 1599
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: John Clerk of Whalley, The Troy Book. (Gvidonis de Colvmna, Historia Destrvctionis Troiae.)
John Clerk of Whalley, Alliterative Romance of the Destruction of Troy, translated from the Latin of Guido di Colonna's Historia Troiana: (Unique.) Previously attributed to Sir Hugh of Eglinton, 'Huchown of the Awle Ryale'.
Begins - after a 'prologe' headed: The Destruction of Troy, and containing the titular contents of the 36 books following, which occupies the recto and verso of the first folio and ends: The xxxvj boke and the last how hit happit Vlixes after the | sege whiche endis in the story with the nome of hym that translated it out | of latyn in to englisshe And how long the sege last with the | nombre of grekis and troiens that wer slayn and what kyngis | Ector slogh whom paris slogh whom Achilles slogh whom | Eneas slogh whom pirrus slogh - (1, 2 recto lines 1, 2): M [ornamental initial] aistur in mageste maker of Alle | Endles and on euer to last
Ends (24, 4 [f. '215'] verso lines 26, 27): He bryng vs to the blisse [th]at bled for oure Syn | Amen = E.E.T.S. Ed. p. 459, 14044.
Remarks: The initials are not illuminated, but are elaborately flourished.
The following names occur: f. 1 verso: William Appelgarth (XVI. Cent.); f. 34 recto: margerrie Radeym (XVI. Cent.); f. 58 verso: John Gauart (XVI. Cent.); f. '185' recto: elisabeth (?) I read (XVI. Cent.); f. '189' verso in a XVI. Cent. hand: John Chetham sonne and heyre of Thomas chetham late of Notehurst | Decessyd is the verey awner of thys Boke, to be an heyrelome at | Notehurst according to the tenour and effect of my ffathers will | In witnez whereof I haue written this sayng with my | awne hand | per me Johannem chetham [not "Jane Johana Chetham," as D. Donaldson transcribes]. f. '190' recto in a later XVI. Cent. hand: IN THE NAME | of the father the sone and the holye Gost Amen | Johannis Erington dixit sic. On the same page, in an earlier hand: John Drurye maister of the fre Scole at Gisburne [= Gisburn, W. Riding, Yorkshire]. f. '214' verso in a XVII. Cent. hand: Rob: Diggs . May: 16. f. '215' verso in the scribe's hand: Notehurst. In a later hand: Raph pigson (?).
On i, 2 verso in a XVII. Cent. hand: D. 7.
The initials: ihc (ihesus christus) head every page unless cropped.
For Huchown see Dict. Nat. Biog. Supp. iii. 4.
Sir Hew of Eglinton was knighted 1342, married 1348 Agnes More, daughter of the late Chamberlain of Scotland, Sir Reginald More, and died 1376.
The "Notehurst" mentioned above is probably = Nuthurst, Solihull, Warwick.
The lacuna at the beginning of Bk. ii., as D. Donaldson observes (E.E.T.S. Ed. p. liv), was doubtless a gap in the MS. from which this was copied. See Huchown of the Awle Ryale, by Dr. Geo. Neilson, Glasgow, 1902, pp. 16-29, in which is a careful collation of the rubrics of the De Excidio Troje, T.4.1, q.v.
The sequence of water-marks in quires 1, 2, 13, 20, 23 and 24 is as follows, where x indicates the presence, o the absence of the water-mark, and - a missing leaf:
[Unkeyable characters].
[Formerly S.4.1; S.4.44].
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Paper, 11 3/4 x 8, ff. 214, originally ff. 216, written by one scribe in two styles of handwriting, (1) a set and formal book hand (in the Prologue and occasionally through the work); (2) a quick current hand; (1) is ruled with bodkin; (2) is not ruled, margins in all cases are marked by fold-creases, in single cols. of 32-39 lines, each about 9 x 4, signatures (B-Y), catchwords (from 2, 3 verso) every page, foliation by (?) Rev. Jos. Stevenson, S.J., 1-150 in ink, thereafter in pencil, 151-215 (f. 181 omitted), marginalia, much cropped, mutilated and repaired carefully at the beginning (margins only), 11, 2. [fol. 90] (text involved), and at the end (margins only) soiled from much handling, otherwise well preserved, fol. sec. Maistur. Early Cent. XVI.
Binding: Millboards, covered spattered calf, red spattered edges, recently re-backed. Cent. XVII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 309.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: English
Material Type: Poem
Archival History: Provenance: Possibly Ebenezer Mussell: possibly to be identified with lot 197 in the sale of the library of Ebenezer Mussell in London, 30 May 1766, where the manuscript is described as "Poema de Exitio Troja, or a stately poem of the destruction of Troy, written by Jos. of Exeter, fine preservation" (NB possible lot number "97" [i.e. but not "197"] is given in ink on front pastedown; Margaret Connolly (in 'The 'curious and valuable' library of Ebenezer Mussell' Book Collector, Vol 62, no 1, Spring 2013) ascribes MS Hunter 388 to Mussell (see appendix, no. 7). Rev. Davis: Davis is recorded as purchasing lot 197 for £0.5.6 according to the digitized copy of the Mussell sale catalogue (annotated with prices and buyers' names) at the Houghton Library, Harvard University. John Ratcliffe: lot 1596 in Bibliotheca Ratcliffiana (27 March, 1776). N. R. Ker (in 'William Hunter as a collector of medieval manuscripts' ([Glasgow]: University of Glasgow Press, [1983]), p. 16) supports the suggestion that MS Hunter 388 is Ratcliffe's lot 1596, commenting that its description tallies with information supplied to Haenel for his early catalogue of the Hunterian Library (possibly titling information from a flyleaf which is now lost). Purchased by Hunter for £1.6.0 at the Ratcliffe sale according to the annotated BL copy of the Ratcliffe sale catalogue - shelfmark 822.d.6.
Notes: CD-ROM version shelved at Hunterian Add 283.
Bibliography: Hiroyuki Matsumoto, The destruction of Troy: a critical edition and A lemmatized concordance to the destruction of Troy (University Education Press, 2010); The destruction of Troy: a diplomatic and color facsimile edition: Hunterian MS V.2.8 in Glasgow University Library, by John Clerk of Whalley, edited by Hiroyuki Matsumoto (CD-ROM, Ann Arbor, 2002); K. Harris, 'John Gower's Confessio Amantis: the virtues of bad texts', Manuscripts and Readers in fifteenth-century England, ed. D. Pearsall (Cambridge, 1983), p. 29; C.A. Luttrell, 'Three North-West Midland manuscripts', Neophilologus, 42 (1958), pp 38-50 - offprint in Special Collection Department's offprints box; H. Matsumoto, 'Doubtful readings in The Destruction of Troy', English Studies, 74 (1993), pp 51-56; Jeremy J. Smith, 'A note on constrained linguistic variation in a North-West-Midlands Middle-English scribe', Neophilologus, 80 (1996), pp 461-464; Thorlac Turville-Petre, 'The author of The Destruction of Troy', Medium Aevum, 57 (1988), pp 264-269; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 309-310.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: John Clerk of Whalley fl.1400
Poet.
author: Hew of Eglinton d. 1376
Hugh of Eglinton.
provenance: John Chetham fl 1500-1599
Son of Thomas Chetham of Notehurst.
signatory: William Appelgarth fl 1500-1599
signatory: Robert Diggs fl 1500-1599
signatory: John Drury fl 1500-1599
Schoolmaster, Gisburn, Yorkshire.
signatory: John Erington fl 1500-1599
signatory: John Gavart fl 1500-1599
signatory: Margery Radeym fl 1500-1599
signatory: Elisabeth Read fl 1500-1599
subject: Huchown fl 1300-1399
Poet.
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