Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 370 (V.1.7)
Title: Decas Tertia
Images: [ MS Hunter 370 fol 1r ]
Associated Websites: MS Hunter 370: Book of the Month
Date of Creation: Between 1399 and 1499
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Titi Livii Patavini, Decas Tertia.
Livy's Third Decade (Bks. XXI.-XXX.) Second Punic War:
Begins (1, 1 recto lines 1-14, in ornamental capitals, gold and blue alternately): TITI LIVII PATAVINI | HISTORICI CLARISSI | MI SECVNDI BELLI | PVNICI LIBER PRIMVS | INCIPIT FAELICITER . | I [large historiated initial with gestures, representing the battles of the Ticinus and Trebia] N PARTE | OPERIS | MEI LI | CET MI | HI PRE | FARI | QVOD | IN PRIN | CIPIO
Ends (32, 1 recto lines 21, 22): imaginum titulos claraque cognomina familie fecere . Finis . | Laus deo eiusque genitrici beatissime Virgini Marie.
Remarks: On 1, 1 recto, lower margin, is a heraldic blazon between gilt initials I A, with purple lace pattern ornament. On a shield (or) is an eagle displayed dexter (sable), for crest: a helmet (argent) with mantling (gules, azure, vert) lined (argent) and a dragon's head and neck dexter (vert) langued (gules) winged (or) issuing from a wreath of the colours.
On 3, 10 recto (fol. 30) in a late XVII. Cent. hand: monsieur Le | marqui de la | boulaye L-.
The last fifteen lines on 31, 10 verso are blank, the space having been left for illumination, as the text continues without a break. 32, 1 recto; 32, 1 verso and 2 recto contain in a XVI. Cent. French hand a long notice about the family connections of Guillaume de Rochefort, Chancellor of France, who died 1492.
32, 2 verso contains in a XVI.-XVII. Cent. hand the beginning (a and b) of an index to this volume headed: Tabula complectens hanc liuii historiam | per claudium de rupe forti. [Claude de Rochefort].
[Formerly P.1.5; T.1.4].
N.L.S. Treasures of Scottish libraries, xi, 5.
Livy. Books xxi-xxx. Glasgow University, Hunterian Library, MS. 370 (V.1.7). Parchment. 311 ff., 340 x 235 mm. Italy (?Lombardy), s. xv2. A lavishly produced manuscript of Livy's Third Decade, written in a round, upright humanistic script, with illuminated incipits in alternate gold and blue capitals squared out with red and purple flourishes. The 'Gothic' quality of these would appear to point to one of the North Italian courts. The incipits and other decorative motifs are very similar in style to those of a Plutarch in the British Museum (Add. MS. 22318). Each book of the Livy begins with a large initial illustrating an episode from the text which follows. The crowded scenes filled with small figures resemble the first group of miniatures in the B.M. Plutarch, which Mitchell (see below) attributes to a Milanese atelier, and are not unlike the miniatures in a Siena Plutarch (Communal Library, MS. I. VII. 23) by Cristoforo de Predis. The history of the manuscript has not yet been established with certainty. The first folio has a coat of arms, with the initials 'I.A.', as follows: or an eagle displayed sable; crest a demi-dragon vert langued gules and winged or. A 16th-century hand has added notes of the family connexions of Guillaume de Rochefort, Chancellor of France (d. 1492). Rochefort visited Rome, Venice, and the Italian princes in the service of the Duke of Burgundy. Bought by Hunter at the Gaignat sale in 1769. References. De Bure, no. 2886. Young & Aitken, pp. 296-7. M. Salmi, Italian miniatures, London, 1957, p. 73, pl. lxx a (for the Siena Plutarch). C. Mitchell, A fifteenth-century Italian Plutarch (British Museum Add. MS. 22318), London, 1961. Plate X
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 13 3/8 x 9, ff. 311, originally ff. 312, exquisitely written in Roman hand, in single cols. of 32 lines, each 8 x 4, ruled and margined with (faded) red ink, signatures (XVII.-XVIII. Cent.) inner margin (bottom) of first rectos, several cropped, foliation (XVII.-XVIII. Cent.), fol. II.-CLXXXI., catchwords, 10 large gilt historiated gestured initials, about 5 x 4, representing incidents in the books they respectively commence, smaller richly gilt and illuminated initials with gestures beginnings of capitula, small gilt and blue capitals ornamented respectively with purple and red, rubrics (marginal), rubricated running titles and capitulation, no marginalia, fine vellum, excepting folios damaged by damp at the beginning of Bk. "VI." in perfect condition, fol. sec. Cum hoc. Cent. XV.
Binding: Millboards, covered crimson morocco, gilt-tooled inner margins, edges, sides (lines) and panelled back, gilt edges, green silk ribbon marker, title (gilt): TITI | LIVII | HISTORIAE | CODEX MSS | IN | MEMBRANIS. Cent. XVII.-XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 297.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Document
Notes: This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'Treasures of Scottish Libraries', National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961; 'Treasures from Scottish libraries', Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964; 'William Hunter, Book Collector', Glasgow University Library, Apr.-Sep. 1983; 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 2: Secular Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, Sep.-Dec. 1995.
Bibliography: Jack Baldwin, William Hunter, 1718-1783, book collector: catalogue of an exhibition (Glasgow, 1983), no. 9; National Library of Scotland, Treasures of Scottish libraries: catalogue (Edinburgh, 1961), xi, 5; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 78; Treasures from Scottish libraries: catalogue of an exhibition held in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (Edinburgh, 1964), no. 54; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 296-297.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: Titus Livius 59BC-17AD
author: Claude de Rochefort fl.c.1600
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
exhibition: Magic of the Middle Ages 1994-1995
Exhibition: The Magic of the Middle Ages: Manuscript Treasures of Glasgow University Library. Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts, Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 …
exhibition: Treasures from Scottish Libraries 1964
Exhibition, Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964.
exhibition: Treasures of Scottish Libraries 1961
Exhibition, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961.
exhibition: William Hunter, Book Collector 1983
Exhibition, Glasgow University Library, 14 april-30 September 1983.
subject: Guillaume de Rochefort d. 1492
Chancellor of France.
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