Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 339 (U.8.7)
Title: Opera
Images: [ MS Hunter 339 fol. 112v-113r ] [ MS Hunter 339 fol. 123v ]
Date of Creation: Between 1299 and 1399
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Magistri Johannis Arderne, Opera.
Master John Arderne's Works:
Begins (1, 1 recto lines 1, 2): Paragraph mark [red] Ad cancrum in virga virili siue in alio loco | experimentum bonum Recipe axungiam porci et ceram albam = U.4.9, f. '1' verso last two lines.
Ends (24, 3 recto line 15): succus millefolij et cessabunt menstrua. = U.4.9, f. '87' recto line 16.
Remarks: On i, 2 verso in an XVIII. Cent. hand: MS. 166; [below this in lead pencil]: Bb. 2/10' [and in blue pencil]: L [repeated on ii, 1 verso.].
On iii, 1 recto in lead pencil (the price): 1-1-0.
On iii, 2 verso in Dr. Wm. Hunter's hand: Jo. Ardern Opera.
On 1, 1 recto top margin, in a XVII. Cent. hand: Iamys Thompson ('Jamys Thompson' 16th century? - Per A.I. Doyle, Durham University Library, June 1954); [lower in a later XVII. Cent. hand]: Thos (?) Langley 1656 (?).
On 1, 2 recto-4 recto the lower margins contain, in a XV. Cent. hand, doggerel charms exorcising fever, vermes and flux.
Between 14, 3. and 4. is inserted a slip of paper with facsimile copy of 14, 3 verso line 7.
In the margins of the incantations (2, 5 verso, 6 verso; 3, 1 verso) are adverse criticisms in XVII. Cent. hands. The characters in which the charm on 2, 6 verso is written are partly Greek and partly grotesquely disguised.
On 7, 1 verso a portion (1 x ) has been cut squarely out of a picture.
This MS. has been collated with two other MSS., "D" and "H", and the divergences (mainly transpositions of passages) noted in a late XVII. Cent. hand on the following: 16, 3 recto, 4 verso, 5 verso; 17, 2 recto.
Compared with U.4.9 this MS. has the figure missing in fol. "lxxj", and also the French passages omitted from fol. ij.
U.8.7, 16, 9 verso line 6 = U.4.9, fol. lvij, last line.
U.8.7, 17, 1 recto line 1 = U.4.9, fol. lix, line 5.
U.8.7, 17, 2 recto line 1 = U.4.9, fol. lix, last line.
The blazons, etc., are the following:
f. 28 recto has on a shield (argent) bordered (gules) a chevron (or).
ff. 32 verso, 33 verso and 85 recto have on a shield (argent) a saltire doubly nowyed (gules).
f. 44 verso has on a shield (argent) a St. George's cross (gules), in the first quarter an annulet (sable).
f. 64 recto has on a shield (or) a heart (gules), in chief (argent) three mullets (sable).
f. 180 recto has on a shield (argent) a St. George's cross (gules) with centre voided and a point inserted (gules).
ff. 192 verso and 202 verso have a Prince of Wales' Plume [one feather] with a blank ribbon.
f. 195 verso has King Edward III.'s head (three quarter face).
f. 196 has a lion (?) rampant (proper) on a helmet (gules).
f. 202 has on a shield (argent) a fess (gules), two ravens above, one below (sable).
The other copies of Arderne are press-marked as follows: T.5.14; T.6.17; U.4.9; U.7.22; V.3.1.
The blank surfaces of 24, 3. 4. are covered with contemporary or nearly contemporary receipts.
On v, 1 recto in an XVIII. Cent. hand: Pondera p. 210 | Practica Mag. I. Arderne, p. 97.
The last reference appears also on iii, 2 verso: pag. 97.
Under these, in pencil, by the same hand: Lanfranc . Gordonius . Barthol . | Richardus . Rogerius . Rogerinus | Guido . Gilbertus . &c | Fol. 179 . 180.
For Master John Arderne of Newark, see Dict. Nat. Biog. ii. 76.
[Formerly P.3.9; S.9.148].
MS is 15th century: Per A.I. Doyle, Durham University Library, June 1954.
MS Hunter 339 (14th c). John Arderne, Practica, etc. ff. 1-232 passim. (marginal sketches): Diseased Members. Materia Medica. Medication. Surgery. Prognosis: Zodiac-man.
fol. 26: 'Wagstete occurs as a bird that has a canda tremula (quivering tail)' on f. 26 of MS 339 (W.B. Yapp, The birds of the Sherborne Missal, Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society Vol. 104, 1982, see pp. 9-10).
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 5 x 4, ff. 232, well written in various hands in single cols. of about 20 lines, each about 3 7/8 x 2 5/8, margined with brown crayon, not ruled, signatures (continuous) on top margins, catchwords, foliation, contemporary and later, rubricated initials and paragraph marks, frequent red underlining, numerous coloured pictures of operations, simples, instruments, blazons (see Remarks in Description), etc., mostly marginal (but full or half page in 1, 1 recto; 12, 5 verso-7 recto; 13, 8 verso; 13, 9 verso; 20, 1 recto), numerous marginalia, contemporary and later, unspoiled by the knife, fol. sec. patris et filij. Late Cent. XIV.
Binding: Not original, millboards, covered crimson morocco, elaborately gilt-tooled sides, edges, inside margins, and panelled back, no title. Early Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 275.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Document
Bibliography: L. MacKinney, Medical illustrations in medieval manuscripts (London, 1965), p. 128; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 274-276.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: John Arderne fl.1370
Surgeon.
provenance: Thomas Langley fl.1656?
provenance: James Thompson fl.c.1625
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