Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 275 (U.5.15)
Title: De Imperatore Militvm Deligendo
Images: [ MS Hunter 275 fol. 1r ] [ MS Hunter 275 fol. 4v-5r ]
Date of Creation: Between 1399 and 1499
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Bartholomaei Caepollae, De Imperatore Militvm Deligendo.
Bartolomeo Cepolla's Treatise on the Selection of a Military Commander:
Begins - after an illuminated page (see Remarks below), a two-page dedication, in gilt and coloured capitals and gilt ornamentation, to BARTOLOMEO COLEONI, an epistle prefatory addressed to ZACHARIA TREVISANO, two pages stained green and bearing within laurel wreaths, in gilt capitals, respectively, EX VERONA and VIII KAL | DECEMBRIS (altered from SEPTEMBRIS), two pages (in capitals as before) of an address to Trivisano, and lastly a page stained purple and occupied with a full-page drawing of an antique Roman altar with ornamentation in silver (oxidised black) and gold, and bearing these inscriptions in gilt capitals:- MINERVAE SACR. | ET DIVAE | DE IMPERA | TORE | MILITVM | DELIGENDO | PROHOE | MIVM | FELICITER | INCIPIT - (2, 1 recto lines 1-11): F [elaborately illuminated initial, knot pattern, on a gilt ground, 3 7/8 x 2 7/8] V | I | T | S | V | P | E | RIORE TEM | PORE | INTER ARMO | RVM DVCES
Ends (17, 4 verso lines 22, 23): faciat sua capitula clara ne in- | cidat in predictas dubitationes.
Remarks: On iii, 1 recto are the remains of three of the four original vellum back straps of this book's first binding, which was probably limp vellum with ties of the same. These tags are fragments of a XIII. Cent. Latin MS. (ecclesiastical), written in double cols. with small blue initials.
On iii, 2 recto, in pencil, in an XVIII. Cent. hand: cam AL ss.
On 1, 1 verso is a richly gilt and illuminated design (as in U.1.2), 6 x 5, of interlaced foliation (white) on a ground of blue with tiny white spots (in threes), the interstices of the pattern also filled with green, crimson and gold, all dotted similarly; this encloses a crimson circle dotted (as before), which is bordered with blue and gold, and contains a broad circular arabesque (blue on gold), within which two more gold rings separated by blue surround a shield party per fesse (arg.) two pear-shaped figures (?cloves of garlic) (gules); (gules) one similar figure (arg.?), all with their thin ends upward. (Mr. James Wardrop of the Victoria & Albert Museum library writes (19/8/53):- 'The "two pear-shaped figures" are neither cloves nor garlic. Their significance is made abundantly clear by the quotation from Nicolas Chorier'... "Fuerunt quibus unum practerea naturae adjicit munificentia, ut tres haberent. Hoc in numero Agathoeles fuit Syracusanorum Tyrannus, qnen ideinco [Greek characters] nominarunt. Nota est eo nomine apud nos Coleonum gens nobilis, quae Bartholomaeum illum Colonem Imperatorem summum in Italicis bellis tulit." - Joannis Muersii elegantiae latini sermonis, n.p., n.d. Victoria & Albert Museum, Dyce Library, 419 etc. p. 36.). Under this design a heraldic book-stamp (?) has been impressed with lamp black (that has cast off on the opposite page), a shield barry of six (argent and sable), surrounded with the legend C (effaced) OESAR, and surmounted by an eagle about to fly, in its talons a scroll with LIBERTAS.
1, 3 recto and 2, 1 recto are elaborately illuminated, the margins of the former being ornamented with the design on 1, 1 verso; those of the latter bearing on a gilt ground an exquisite endless knot pattern in green, blue, and crimson. In the bottom margin a shield (or) bears a sprouting onion (probably the canting arms of the author: caepe = Caepolla). This page is badly smudged, and the colour rubbed off, writing rudely and faultily retraced in ink.
On 17, 5 recto is another full page illumination, 6 1/8 x 5 1/8, introducing the tracery pattern of 1, 1 verso, and containing in the centre (blue) the word FINIS. in gilt capitals. Through damp, this and much of the design has cast off on the opposite page.
Bartolomeo Cepollo, who was a native of Verona, a graduate (1446) of Padua and Professor of Jurisprudence there, died about 1475, one of the most distinguished jurists of that century. This work was printed by G. Laner, Rome, 1475 (?) [Brit. Mus. 5205. e.]; reprinted Lugduni, 1549, Duodecimum Vol. Tract. [Brit. Mus. 5305.]. The present copy looks like one specially prepared for presentation. Bartolomeo Coleoni, born at Bergamo, 1400, died 4th Nov., 1475, Generalissimo of Venice.
[Formerly Q.5.16; Q.5.79].
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 9 x 6 1/8, ff. 161, originally ff. 162, beautifully written in a Roman hand, in single cols. of 23 lines, each 5 3/8 x 3, ruled and margined with plummet, signatures, catchwords (vertical), foliation (modern), in pencil (partial), floreated pages, gilt and coloured capitals, large and small gilt and illuminated initials, blue initial beginning of paragraphs, rubrics, marginal, no marginalia (except some insertions by the scribe), fairly clean and well preserved, designs have cast off from the verso of the first and the recto of the last leaves respectively, fol. sec. BARTHOLO. Cent. XV.
Binding: Millboards, covered crimson Russia (faded), gilt-tooled (lines) edges and sides, sham-panelled back. Gilt edges with title in large rubricated (?) capitals top, front, and bottom thus: DE IMPERA | TORE MILITVM | DELIGENDO. Title (gilt): CEPOLAE | EPISTOLA | M.S. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 222-223.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Treatise
Notes: This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989.
Bibliography: J.J.G. Alexander, Italian Renaissance illuminations (London: 1977), pp 19-20; Lew Andrews, 'Pergamene strappate e frontespizi: i frontespizi architettonici nell' epoca dei primi libri a stampa', Arte Veneta, vol. 55 (1999), pp 7-30, esp. p. 9 and fig. 4; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 82; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 222-223.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: Bartolomeo Cepollo d. 1477
Professor of Jurisprudence, University of Padua.
dedicatee: Bartolomeo Coleoni 1400-1475
Generalissimo of Venice.
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
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