Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 251 (U.4.9)
Images: [ MS Hunter 251 fol. 81v-82r ]
Associated Websites: Images and caption from World of Chaucer web exhibition
MS Hunter 251: Book of the Month
Date of Creation: Between 1419 and 1550
Place of Creation: England
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Incerti Avctoris, (?Magistri Johannis Arderne), Specvlvm Phlebotomiae.
Magistri Johannis Arderne, Practica Chirvrgiae.
England, c.1425-1550.
On i, 4 recto in an XVIII. Cent. hand (?Dr. Mead's) in pencil (as in T.5.14): "Practica."
On f. 4 recto in an early XVI. Cent. hand (erased): Liber Ricardi Nykke Episcopi Norwicensis. Richard Nix (Nikke or Nikks), Bp. of Norwich, 1501-1532, also owned T.5.19.
This MS. afterwards belonged to Dr. Richard Mead and is referred to in the collation inserted in T.5.14.
On f. 83 recto in a late XVII. Cent. hand: haec omnia sunt pessima Tho: Moswell.
For "The Mirror of Phlebotomy," see Sloan Cat. p. 611, 6-4 (Sec. xiv.) and Brit. Mus. Cat. 542, f. 3 (Compendium breve de bone valeditudinis cura... Fred. Archydaci Saxonie dedicatum... speculum phebothmye - tractatus simplicium medicinarum. [Leipsic?] 1510, fol. 68 printed leaves. Aa-Dd2 and a-h, first tract paged, apparently a continuation of or supplement to a 'Speculum' by same author.)
The blazons above referred to are these:- f. 3 verso has on a shield (argent) an eagle (?) proper, displayed, dexter. f. 60 verso has on a shield barry of six (argent and sanguine [?sable]) in chief a four pointed label of difference (gules). ff. 73 recto and 77 recto have each a Prince of Wales' Plume with a blank ribbon. f. 76 verso has on a shield (argent) a fess (gules) with three ravens (?) dexter (sable) two above, one below. f. 77 verso has a full-face squinting portrait of King Edward III.
[Formerly Q.4.4; Q.4.52].
Arderne (John). Traités de médecine. Glasgow University, Hunterian ms. 251 (U.4.9). Parchemin; 105 f.; 255 x 175 mm.; Angleterre, XVe siècle; Reliure: XVIIIe siècle, maroquin brun sur ais de carton, dorure. John Arderne (1307- après 1377) est le premier Anglais qui révéla une grande habileté dans la pratique de la chirurgie. Pendant une grande partie de sa vie, il l'exerça à Newark, Il n'avait pas de formation universitaire, et ses écrits sur la médecine ne sont guère marquants, mais ce fut un excellent chirurgien et ses écrits sur la chirurgie pratique sont remarquables. Il préférait se baser sur l'expérience plutot que sur les principes établis, ce qui était plutot exceptionnel pour son temps. En particulier, son opération de la fistula in ano resta longtemps un modèle de méthode. La collection Hunter possède encore six manuscrits de John Arderne s'échelonnant du XIVe au XVIe siècle. L'exemplaire exposé est daté du XVe siècle et possède, de même que deux autres manuscrits de la collection, des armoiries non identifiées dans les marges. Le manuscrit a appartenu à Richard Nix, évêque de Norwich (1501-1535) et au célèbre médecin Richard Mead ([unkeyable character] 1754). Bibl.: Treatise of fistula in ano, edited by D'Arcy Power, in Early English Text Society, Original Series, no 139, 1910; De arte phisicali et de cirurgia, translated by D'Arcy Power, in Wellcome Historical Medical Museum, Research studies in medical history, no I, 1922; Young & Aitken, Catalogue, p. 201-202. (Brussels catalogue, 1963).
L. MacKinney, Medical illustrations in medieval manuscripts 1965, p. 128: MS Hunter 251 (15th c). John Arderne, Practica, etc. ff. 1-105 passim. (marginal sketches): Diseased members. Materia Medica, Medication, Surgery (catheter in penis [30 v]; excising stone from penis [39 r]; fistula in ano [43 v]; instruments [43 r]). Pharmacy (pot on fire [16 r], etc. Prognosis: Zodiac-man [47 v]
Arrangement: List Item Content
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 10 x 7, ff. 105, originally ff. 106, well written in single cols. of 38 lines, each 7 x 4 3/8, signatures, catchwords, foliation (contemporary) 2, 1.-14, 1.=ff. 1-99, no illuminated initials (spaces left for the purpose), rubrics and rubricated paragraph marks, headings engrossed, numerous well executed coloured drawings of simples, operations, wounds, instruments, etc., blazons (see Description), marginalia, cropped, fol. sec. Malum mortuum- Cent. XV.
Binding: Millboards, covered brown morocco, gilt-tooled edges, sides, interior margins, and panelled back, spattered red edges, title (gilt) on green morocco shield: JO. ARDERN | CHIRURGICA | MS. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 202.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Document
Notes: This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'Treasures of Scottish Libraries', National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961; 'Trésors des Bibliothèques d'Ecosse', Brussels, 1963; 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 2: Secular Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, Sep.-Dec. 1995; 'The World of Chaucer', Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, May-Aug. 2004.
Bibliography: Julie Gardham, The world of Chaucer: medieval books and manuscripts (Glasgow, 2004), p. 37; L. MacKinney, Medical illustrations in medieval manuscripts (London, 1965), p. 128; National Library of Scotland, Treasures of Scottish libraries: catalogue (Edinburgh, 1961), xxx, 1; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 31; Trésors des bibliothèques d'Ecosse (Brussels, 1963), no 24; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 201-202.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: John Arderne fl.1370
Surgeon.
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
exhibition: Magic of the Middle Ages 1994-1995
Exhibition: The Magic of the Middle Ages: Manuscript Treasures of Glasgow University Library. Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts, Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 …
exhibition: Treasures of Scottish Libraries 1961
Exhibition, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961.
exhibition: Trésors des Bibliothèques d'Ecosse 1963
Exhibition, Brussels, 1963.
exhibition: World of Chaucer
Exhibition: The World of Chaucer: Medieval Books and Manuscripts from Glasgow University Library, held at the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 15 May-28 August 2004.
provenance: Richard Mead 1673-1754
Physician and collector of books and art. His collections were auctioned after his death; some items were purchased by William Hunter (1718-1793)
provenance: Thomas Moswell fl.c.1675
provenance: Richard Nix fl.1501-1535
Richard Nikke, Nikks or Nykke.
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