Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 231 (U.3.4)
Images: [ MS Hunter 231 fol. 82 detail ] [ MS Hunter 231 page 276 ]
Associated Websites: Images and caption from English Language manuscripts course material web page.
Images and caption from World of Chaucer web exhibition
MS Hunter 231: Book of the Month
Date of Creation: Between 1299 and 1399
Place of Creation: England
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: S. Anselmi, Archiepiscopi Cantvarensis, Orationes [St Anselm's Prayers to the Trinity].
S. Avrelii Avgvstini, Hipponis Episcopi, Invocatio Spiritvs Sancti [St Augustine's Invocation of the Holy Spirit].
S. Avrelii Avgvstini, De Assvmptione Beatae Virginis Mariae [St Augustine, On the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary].
S. Avrelii Avgvstini (?), Sermo De Svbstantia Dilectionis Dei [St Augustine (?), On the Substance of the Love of God].
S. Avrelii Avgvstini, Sermo De Lavde Caritatis [St Augustine, On the Praise of Charity].
Incerti Avctoris, Oratio Contemplativa [Unknown author's Eucharistic Hymn and Prayer].
Incerti Avctoris, Hymni In Beatam Virginem Mariam [Unknown Author's Hymns to the Blessed Virgin Mary]
S. Bernardi (?), Tractatvs De Compassione Beatae Virginis Mariae [St Bernard (?), On the Compassion of the Blessed Virgin Mary].
Incerti Avctoris, Descriptio Corporis Domini [Unknown Author's Description of Christ's Person].
Incerti Avctoris, Meditationes De XV Gavdiis Beatae Virginis Mariae [Stephen of Salley's (?) Meditations on the XV Joys of the Blessed Virgin Mary].
Incerti Avctoris, Epistvlae Christi Et Abgari, Beatae Virginis Mariae, SS. Ioannis et Ignatii [Unknown Author's Correspondence of Christ and Abgarus, the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saints John and Ignatius].
Incerti Avctoris, Hymni in Beatam Virginem Mariam [Unknown Author's hymns to the Blessed Virgin Mary].
Hvgonis de Sancto Victore, De Concordia Misericordiae et Veritatis [Hugh of St Victor, On the Concord of Mercy and Truth].
S. Benedicti, Contemplativa Visio [St Benedict's Vision of the Universe].
S. Avrelii Avgvstini, Hipponis Episcopi (?), De S. Pavli Ecstasi [St Augustine, (?), On St Paul's Ecstasy].
S. Evstachio Bonaventvrae, Cardinali Albanensi, (Giovanne di Fidanza), Falso Attribvta, [?Johannis Peckham], Philomela.
Incerti Avctoris, Epistvlae S. Pavli et Senecae [Unknown Author's Correspondance between St Paul and Seneca].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae (?), Tractatvs De Copia Verborvm [Seneca's Treatise on Composition.
Lvcii Annaei Senecae (?), Tractatvs De VII Artibvs Liberalibvs [Seneca's Treatise on the Seven Liberal Arts].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae (?), Tractatvs De IV Virtvtibvs Cardinalibvs [Seneca's Treatise on the Four Cardinal Virtues].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae (?), Proverbia [Seneca's Proverbs].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae (?), Tractatvs De Moribvs [Seneca's Treatise on Morals].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae (?), Proverbia [Seneca's Proverbs continued].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae (?), Tractatvs De Remediis Fortvitorvm [Seneca's Treatise on the Compensations of Misfortune].
Theophrasti, Tractatvs De Matrimonio [Theophrastus, On Marriage].
Lvcilii (?), Epistvla ad Senecam [Lucilius' (?) Epistle to Seneca].
Scipionis Africani (?), Epistvla ad Laelivm [Scipio Africanus' (?) Epistle to Laelius].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae, Tractatvs De Brevitate Vitae [Seneca, On the Brevity of Life].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae, Tractatvs De Providentia Dei [Seneca, On Providence].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae, Tractatvs De Constantia Sapientis [Seneca, On the Constancy of the Wise Man].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae, Tractatvs De Vita Beata [Seneca, On the Blessed Life].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae, Tractatvs De Otio [Seneca, On Ease].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae, Tractatvs De Clementia [Seneca, On Clemency].
Lvcii Annaei Senecae, Tractatvs De Tranqvillitate [Seneca, On Tranquillity].
Incerti Avctoris, Compilatio De Libris Natvralibvs Aristotelis etc [Unknown Author's Compilation from Aristotle, etc].
Incerti Avctoris, Tractatvs De Natvra Hominis [Unknown Author's Dialogue on the Nature of Man].
Incerti Avctoris, Commentvm in Orationem Dominicam [Unknown Author's Commentary on the Lord's Prayer].
S. Avrelii Avgvstini, Hipponis Episcopi, Credo [St Augustine's Creed].
[On iii, 1 recto in an XVIII. Cent. hand is pencilled: 4B - 10.10.0 | 2.12.6. This note is no longer applicable.]
On fol ii [previously iii, 1] verso in a XV. Cent. hand: Liber diuersorum tractatuum hugonis | de sancto victore. augustini. bernardi | Senece. et aliorum diuersorum ut | patet in tercio folio sequente. | secundo folio. Incipiunt meditaciones be | ati augustini ad patrem et filium et spiritum sanctum.
On fol iii [previously iii, 2] recto is written what has been described as an autograph monogram of Sir Thomas More, under which in a XVII. Cent. hand: Liber Andreæ Bridge Pertinet. [A I Doyle, Durham University Library suggests the 'supposed monogram of Sir T. More is nothing of the sort; it is more like those of some Kings, e.g. Edward IV; it may be nothing more than an elaborate 'Jesus mercy.' - in letter 18 June 1954].
Beneath this is written in an uneducated XVIII. Cent. hand: The Title Meditationes ad s. Trinitatem cum 32 al. Tracti, eiusdem Author codex | memb ms ant Lit. car Illum. 2 . 12 . 6.
In the middle of this page, in Dr. Wm. Hunter's hand:
In hoc Volumine
Hugonis
St Augustini quædam
Gerardi
Senecæ, multa: a pag. scilicet 99 ad 277 | compilatio ex lib. nat. Aristotelis et aliorum. | etc.
Fols iii, iv recto and verso and v recto and verso (previously iii, 2 verso, iii, 3 recto and verso, and iii, 4 verso) contain an index in a XVII. Cent. hand, possibly by Andrew Bridge.
Fol 5 (previously iii, 4) recto contains a contemporary index (by the scribe), to which a late XVII. or early XVIII. Cent. hand has added the page references, beginning (line 2): [unkeyable character] Continencia Huius Libelli [unkeyable character] | Hugo de sancto victore. De tribus bonis quibus placatur deus. | Item Simbolum sancti Augustini. p. 485.
On 25, 1 verso appear to be traces of a name erased and obliterated.

THE ILLUMINATIONS.
Besides the historiated initials noted, three full-page pictures occur as follows:
On p. 83 (9 3/8 x 5 7/8), Christ crowned (gold) and nimbed (red) (r.), crowns the B.V. Mary nimbed (red), and seated in an attitude of devotion (l.). Both are dressed in cerise sleeved robes with blue mantles, that of the former lined deep orange, that of the latter red. The same suppliant figure "Rogerus" kneels at the foot of a flight of seven green and black steps, presenting a scroll which reads (from his end): R [blue] egnans cum nato: R [blue] ogero regna patrato, and (from the B.V. Mary's): T [blue] e rogo christe dominus: sit tuus iste meus. Enclosing this group in a vesica is a similar rubricated legend with blue initials, beginning at the bottom, going up on the left hand and descending on the right: Quid plus miraris: Verbum carnem specularis [unkeyable character] [blue] Inuiolata paris: partu quasi pane cibaris. [unkeyable character] [a red Maltese cross] Uirgo coronata: christi mater quam beata [unkeyable characters] [inner circles red, outer blue] nunc exaltata, super astra deo sociata [unkeyable characters] [inner circles red, outer blue]. Two angels in the upper corners swing censers. The orb in Christ's hand is divided as usual, the lower half green and white wavy lines (sea), the upper half carnation, of which again the left half shows herbage (country), the right buildings (town).
On page 85 (10½ x 6 7/8). In the uppermost of three compartments (3 3/4 x 6 3/8) is a large FACE surrounded with a golden glory, and with wavy red rays emitted in all directions. Two angels (l.) present the nude mitred soul of Bishop Germanus. Two angels (r.) adore. The background is blue, the border of clouds. In the middle compartment (2 3/8 x 6 3/8), S. Benedict in black, with golden nimbus and crozier in his left hand, (l.) gazes upwards as he kneels and points with his right forefinger to the diagram of the Universe below. S. Paul, in a red-lined blue mantle over a cerise sleeved robe, kneels (r.) in adoration behind a huge sword, point downwards. Between these compartments is this legend with rubricated initials: Sanctus benedictus contemplans creatorem: Sanctus paulus apostolus raptus in celum. The background is of the same cancellated pattern as in the corners of the picture on p. 83.
In the lowest compartment (3 3/4 x 6 3/8), "Rogerus" kneels (l.) in a blue fur-lined robe, presenting a scroll with blue initials and rubricated legend: Cuncta: creans: quero: quod: spero: parce: Rogero: Opposite (r.) the same figure in a red fur-lined robe holds a similarly rubricated scroll surmounting the diagram: Cuncta: creata: dei: sint: medicina: mei: The diagram consists of twelve concentric circles named (in a sector left uncoloured for the purpose) from without inwards: primum mobile [cerise]. firmamentum [blue with red and white stars]. spera saturni [orange]. spera iouis [white]. spera martis [pink]. spera solis [blue]. spera ueneris [green]. spera mercurij [red]. spera lune [white]. ignis [flame colour] aer [white with red and purple patches = clouds]. aqua [blue with white wavy lines]. The inmost circle, of gold, contains a miniature of the Fall. Adam (r.) and Eve (l.) of the Tree in which a woman-headed Serpent addresses Eve. The background of this compartment is gold with a stamped pattern like that in the backgrounds of nearly all the historiated initials.
On p. 276 (9½ x 6½), Plato (l.), Seneca (m.), and Aristotle (r.) stand dressed in Doctors' caps and fur-lined gowns. Plato, whose cap (calotte) is blue, wears an orange red gown over a cerise sleeved robe (like Seneca's), his face partly turned to the right, and his hair and beard being black while Seneca's is grey and Aristotle's reddish. Seneca's gown is blue, Aristotle's is cerise over a blue robe. All hold open books before them, to which Plato and Seneca point their right forefingers, while Aristotle raises his right hand with a didactic gesture. The books contain the following legends with blue initials:
Geni | torem | et opificem | uniuersi | tatis tam | est dif || facile | inuenire | quam in | uentum | digne | profari
Si uis | deo propin | quare bo | nus es | to Si | uis | ha || bere ho | norem dabo tibi | magnum | Imperium | impera
Prima | causa | est nobi | lissima | que non | alteratur || nec muta | tur set ma | net in sem | piternum com | pleta et | perfec | ta
The background is gold with an incised pattern of stars and lozenges with an arabesque arch (blue) cancellated (darker blue), and with white tracery crossing this diagonally in a style similar to that in the picture on pp. 83, 85. Underneath is the rubricated legend with blue initials: Plato == Seneca == Aristotiles.
For Sir Thomas More (1478-1535), see Dict. Nat. Biog. xxxviii. 429.
[Formerly S.3.14; S.3.40].
Rebacked in February 1962 by D. Cockerell & Son in brown morocco. Title-label replaced.
See letter from Prof. Dr. H. Schulte Herbrüggen to P.K. Escreet, Keeper of Special Collections, GUL. 31 March 1987.
Hunterian Manuscript U.3.4 - Anselm, St Augustine, etc. The following is an extract from a letter dated 5th December, 1953, from Dr Otto Paecht, 29 Beaumont Street, Oxford:- "I showed the photos of MS. Hunter U.3.4 (Anselm, Augustine etc.) to Dr Hunt, Keeper of the Bodleian MSS, and he suggested that Rogerus - who is represented in various miniatures and must have been the original owner - might be Roger of Waltham, Canon of St Paul's and Chamberlain of Edward II. Investigating this hypothesis I came to the conclusion that Dr Hunt is absolutely right. Roger of W. is the author of a compilation of moral philosophy based mainly on Seneca. Now Seneca is one of the principal authors in MS. U.3.4 and he holds the centre of the philosophical Trinity on fol. 276. Stylistically the MS. has to be dated exactly in the period of Roger of W." [d. 1336: see DNB].
Of the faint inscription under the miniature on p.276, Miss Beryl Smalley, of St Hilda's College, Oxford, writes as follows (22nd April, 1954): "The inscription does explain the picture as I hoped: 'Philosophia est assimilatio operibus creatoris secundum virtutem humanitatis. Sumpta est difficilio ista in secundo Platonis.' It comes from the definition of 'Philosophia' by Isaac Israeli, however, not from Plato. (J.P. Muckle, Isaac Israeli's Liber de definicionibus, Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du M.A. XI, 1938, 303). Dr Hunt found it for me. The compilatio which follows the picture quotes from the Liber de definitionibus; so the author knew it. Isaac explains that 'assimilatio etc' is 'perceptio veritatis rerum'. Presumably Plato, Seneca and Aristotle illustrate this..."
It is likely that this manuscript was commissioned and owned by Roger of Waltham. (Sandler, 231-232.)The manuscript contains, according to Sandler, an unusually large amount of images/portraits of Roger in various positions of supplication. The catalogues of bookseller Thomas Osborne (1752-1768) indicate that the MS was once in his possession. (Ker, p.18) The MS was likely sold to Hunter from Osborne's collection in 1768. (Thorpe no. 27).
Arrangement: List Item Content
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 11½ x 7½. According to Young and Aitken: ff. 243, originally ff. 246, written in an English hand, in single cols. of 37 lines, each 9 3/4 x 5¼, ruled and margined with ink, signatures, catchwords (mostly cropped), pagination (in a XVII. Cent. hand, which supplied the indices in iii, 3 verso-4 verso), three full-page pictures, historiated initials, blue initials with red gestures, rubrics, running titles, rubricated paragraph marks, numerous marginalia, much cropped, fol. sec. Incipiunt meditaciones. Cent. XIV.
This composite MS is both foliated and paginated: 5 fly leaves foliated (fols. i-v): Fols iv and v are marked differently as vi and vii in pencil, header left. Fol. i paper. Fols. ii-v parchment. Fol. i watermark; crown on the top and decorated vegetal/floral motif flanking initials "GR" in center. Front free endpaper is marked S 3.14 | P6. L. 7.
Watermarks: on front free endpaper and pastedown are associated with B Cramer, a paper manufacturer in Holland.
Binding: The same as in U.3.3, millboards, covered brown (faded crimson) grained Russia, gilt-tooled sides and edges, panelled back, Dr. Wm. Hunter's crest (a Hunter's Horn) in the top panel, title (gilt) on green morocco shields: VARIA | ANGUSTIN | SENECAE &c. | M.S. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 176-177.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Document
Notes: This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 July 1994; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 2: Secular Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, Sep.-Dec. 1995; 'The World of Chaucer', Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, May-Aug. 2004.
Bibliography: L.F. Sandler, 'Face to face with God: a pictorial image of the Beatific vision', England in the fourteenth century: proceedings of the 1985 Harlaxton symposium, edited by W.M. Ormrod (Woodbridge, 1986), pp. 225-35; Julie Gardham, The world of Chaucer: medieval books and manuscripts (Glasgow, 2004), p. 45; L.F. Sandler, 'The image of the book-owner in the fourteenth-century: three cases of self definition', England in the fourteenth century: proceedings of the 1991 Harlaxton symposium, edited by Nicholas Rogers (Stamford, 1993) pp 58-80; L.F. Sandler, A survey of manuscripts illuminated in the British Isles, vol. 5: Gothic manuscripts, 1285-1385 (London, 1986, vol. 2, pp 109-110, no. 99; K.A. Smith, Art, identity and devotion in fourteenth-century England: three women and their books of hours (London, 2003), pp 120-123 - with reproductions ofMS Hunter 231, p. 85; and p. 185; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 27; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 176-183.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: Anselm Saint 1033-1109
Archbishop of Canterbury.
author: Augustine Saint
Bishop of Hippo.
author: Benedict Saint c.480-c.547
author: Bernard Saint 1090-1153
Of Clairvaux
author: Bonaventura Saint c.1217-1274
John di Fidanza.
author: Hugh of Saint Victor
author: Gaius Lucilius
author: John Peckham d. 1292
Archbishop of Canterbury, 1279-1292.
author: Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus 236-183 B.C.
author: Lucius Annaeus Seneca 4 B.C.-65 A.D.
author: Theophrastus
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
exhibition: Magic of the Middle Ages 1994-1995
Exhibition: The Magic of the Middle Ages: Manuscript Treasures of Glasgow University Library. Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts, Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 …
exhibition: World of Chaucer
Exhibition: The World of Chaucer: Medieval Books and Manuscripts from Glasgow University Library, held at the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 15 May-28 August 2004.
provenance: Andrew Bridge fl.c.1650
provenance: Sir Thomas More 1478-1535
Lord Chancellor and humanist. Executed at the Tower of London on 6 July 1535.
provenance: Thomas Osborne d 1767
Bookseller. His father, also called Thomas and a bookseller, died in 1744.
provenance: Roger Waltham fl 1300-1332
Canon of St Paul's and likely keeper of the Royal Wardrobe for Edward II.
subject: B Cramer 1711-
Paper manufacturer, Holland. Created paper for English market.
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