Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 117 (T.5.19)
Title: Medical Receipts
Images: [ MS Hunter 117 opening text ]
Associated Websites: MS Hunter 117. Digitised version hosted by University of Malaga (registration required)
Date of Creation: Between 1299 and 1399
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Unknown Author, Medical Receipts.
Unknown Author's Medical Receipts (English):
Begins (1, 1 [f. 1] recto line 1): [th]is electuarie and [th]is receit is good for a mannes bodie [rubric].
Ends (7, 8 [f. 56] verso line 17): be hol. And dredet nouht for it wil do wel.
Remarks: On the verso of i, 1. in Dr. Wm. Hunter's hand: A great collection of | Recipes, or medicines, | in English.
Under this in a XV. Cent. hand: lxi. | de | foliis | et vi | quat | erniones [i.e. the number of folios = 61 made up of 7 (not 6) quaternions and 5 fly-leaves (2 in front and 3 behind)]. On the recto of i, 3. is a rudely pencilled autograph in an early XVI. Cent. hand:?... of John Rythe.
On 4, 4 [f. 36] verso is: "A charm to holen | a wounde with a plate of led." A diagram drawn in red (3/4 x 1) is inserted in the accompanying directions, and consists of a rectangle with five crosses, one in each corner and one in the middle, to symbolize The Five Wounds. The incantation is given: "Vulnera quinque dei sint medicina tui. Sint medicina tui . nunc crux et passio Christi." The diagram and incantation are nearly obliterated.
On 5, 2 [f. 34] verso begins a list of drugs with the following rubric: "heer be writtene al [th]e names of diuers receyte for all eveles . | but heer failien manye for [th]e defaute of [th]e saumplarie."
The list ends (5, 4 verso): "Expliciunt recept Nicholai" [? Nicholas of Hostresham], and is followed by another with the following rubric: "To knowen alle herbes and | gummes and tres and stones and frutes of qwat vertu [th]ei ben and in qwhat gre | up fisyk."
The second list ends on line 5 of 5, 8 recto, the rest of which was first left blank, but soon after used to insert in a contemporary hand a list of salts and gums with their current prices. Additional receipts in contemporary and later hands follow the end of the text (7, 8 verso) and are also found on ii, 1 recto and verso.
A number of names in XVI. Cent. hands occur on ii, 3 verso: george tybye, Adome Stavane, John Bowton, R. Jenkins (?), Thomas Roberts (?).
On ii, 4 recto: John shalte not tarye there telle. Many obliterated and indecipherable scribbles occur on two other pages.
On the verso of folio 1: Richardus nix possedet hunc librum medecine. On the recto of f. 55: Ricardus nix possidet hunc librum medesine.
Richard Nix was Bishop of Norwich, 1501-1535.
[Formerly Q.6.8; Q.6.96].
Or early 15th century. On the verso of the last leaf of text, under u-v light: 'Summa lvj levys in thys buke wretyn', but looking later than the actual writing of the volume. The note on f. iiir I read as 'Rx of John Smythe' (16th century, early?) per A.I. Doyle, Durham University Library, in letter of 18 June 1954.
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 9 x 5 3/4, ff. 56, well written in single cols. of 37 lines, each 6 5/8 x 4 3/8, ruled and margined with ink, signatures (first folio of each quire signed "Quaternio prima," "Secunda," "tercia," etc.), catchwords, no foliation, rubrics, rubricated initials (small), running titles (partial) and paragraph marks, frequent marginalia, fol. sec. agrestis esula. Cent. XIV.
Binding: Original, bevelled oak boards, covered crimson sheepskin, vellum straps drawn through and pegged, title (gilt) on modern morocco shield: RECIPES. | ENGLISH. Cent. XIV.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 117.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: English
Material Type: Receipt
Bibliography: Marie Claire Jones, An analysis of the language and style of a late-medieval medical recipe book, MPhil dissertation 1997, Department of English Language, University of Glasgow (Thesis 10749); Thomas M. Smallwood, 'A charm-motif to cure wounds shared by Middle Dutch and Middle English', Cultuurhistorische Caleidoscoop, ed. Willy L. Braekman (Ghent, 1992), esp. pp 285-286; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 117-118.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: John Smythe fl 1500-1599
provenance: Richard Nix fl.1501-1535
Richard Nikke, Nikks or Nykke.
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