Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 112 (T.5.14)
Images: [ MS Hunter 112 fol. 1v ] [ MS Hunter 112 fol. 16r ]
Associated Websites: Images and caption from English Language manuscripts course material web page.
Images and caption from World of Chaucer web exhibition
Date of Creation: Between 1349 and 1450
Place of Creation: England
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Incerti Avctoris, (?Magistri Johannis Arderne), Specvlvm Phlebotomiae.
Magistri Johannis Arderne, Practica Chirvrgiae.
On the recto of i, 3. in pencil (?by Dr. Mead): "Practica."
For Dr. Richd. Mead (1673-1754) see Dict. Nat. Biog. xxxvii. 181.
On the verso of i, 4. is an autograph of Charles Bernard: Caroli Bernard | Chir Lond.
For Ch. Bernard (1650-1711) see Dict. Nat. Biog. iv. 377.
The verso of 1, 1. (gnawed by rats at the top) is filled with a pen and ink drawing of a clean-shaven, skull-capped, seated figure, in a black fur-trimmed, sleeved robe, over a close-fitting standing-collared tunic, pressing a spoon-like instrument against his left palm, before an open-lidded desk or cabinet with eight compartments. He is in a fenced garden in which are growing simples. Faded traces of colouring survive. Opposite the face, in a XV. Cent. hand: Ipsa fecies | Joannis Ardernii ista est. Above this, down the margin and at the bottom, in a late XVII. Cent. hand (?Charles Bernard's): Johan: ab Arden | vixit | 1370 | ipso | Teste | fol: 38, &c. | de Chirurgia.
On the lower margin of f. '57': Her lackethe a leaffe and the making of the | powder of Greek. The catchword aceti is in the same hand as that in the loose leaf her inserted.
The same remark applies to the catchword Quod si on 10, 12. (f. '92') and the leaf inserted thereafter.
A loose sheet of gilt-edged note paper between 11, 9. and ii, 1. contains collations (with another copy) of this MS. (now U.4.9, Hunt. Mus. Lib.) in the same hand as supplied the lacunae (ff. 57 and 93).
On the lower margin of f. '38' recto (in the same late XVII. Cent. hand as on 1, 1.): "Johan. Arden de Curatione | fistulae in Ano incipit." That work begins here on the last line but one: P [blue initial] Ractica Magistri Johannis Arderne de Newerke Sirurgici e [in space for illumination] go | Johannes predictus a prima pestilencia qui fuit Anno domini millesimo . trecentesimo . | [overleaf] quadragesimo nono vsque annum domini millesimum . trecentesimum . septuagesimum . moram traxi | apud Newerke in Comitatu Notynghamie et ibidem quamplures de fistula | in ano curaui ... = ff. 81 recto-97 verso of John Read's translation, A... method of curing woundes... by... Franciscus Arceus... translated... by John Read, Chirurgion... with a treatise of the Fistulae... translated out of Johannes Ardern. London, 1588. [Hunt. Mus. Lib. Au. 3. 28.]
This, the only part published of John Arderne's works, is in the above edition merely an appendix to Read's version of Franciscus Arceus.
For John Arderne (the father of English surgery, fl. 1370) see Dict. Nat. Biog. ii. 76.
The last two folios (index) are badly mutilated.
This work is in Latin, with the exception of a few passages in French, but on 11, 3 recto and verso is an account, in English, of an operation on the son of Sir Thomas Newmarch (for cranial wen) with accompanying illustration. Other copies of Arderne's works are: T.6.17; U.4.9; U.7.22; U.8.7; and V.3.1.
The E.E.T. Society promises an edition of Arderne's Surgery by Dr. J.F. Payne.
The blazons above referred to are these: On ff. '5' recto and '18' recto a shield lozengy (or); on f. '75' verso on a shield (arg.) a fess (gules) with three ravens(?) (sable), two above, one below; on f. '76' recto Prince of Wales' plume; an ostrich feather inserted in a ribbon.
[Formerly R.7.2; R.7.84].
Rebound February 1961, by D. Cockerell & Son, in brown morocco. Job no. DC. 4128.
Title, gilt, on black spine label: SPECULUM | PHLEBOTOMIAE || M. JOHANNIS | ARDERNE | PRACTICA | CHIRURGIAE || MSS. One of original covers mounted inside lower board. Loose leaves bound in. First and last two leaves repaired.
ff. 38-98, Practica de fistula in ano.
Bought by Hunter for £1.11.6 at Mead's sale, 1754, where it is MSS lot 24.
L. MacKinney, Medical illustrations in medieval manuscripts, 1965, p. 128: MS Hunter 112 (14-15th c). John Arderne, Speculum flebotomiae, Practica. ff. iv-93 passim. Author: in herb garden with book, desk, implements, etc. (1v). Clyster: patient seated (25v). Disease: patient exposes penis (91r).; boy with wen on head (95r). Obstetrical Surgery: Caesarian section (not present); woman, infant, surgeon with knife in teeth (94r).
Arrangement: List Item Content
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 9 1/8 x 6, ff. 101, originally ff. 103, well written in an English hand, in single cols. of about 34 lines, each 7 x 4, ruled and margined with bodkin and brown crayon, signatures, catchwords, and rubricated foliation (1, 2.-10, 12. = folios 1-92), all contemporary, large (blue) and small (red and blue) initials, rubrics (marginal), rubricated paragraph marks, initials of sentences touched with vermilion, one full-page picture, many pen and ink drawings, plain and coloured (mostly marginal), of simples, instruments, operations, patients exhibiting wounds, heraldic blazons (See Description), etc., marginalia, badly cropped, fol. sec. Hoc est speculum. Cent. XIV.-XV.
Binding: Millboards, covered rough brown calf, blind-tooled, recently re-backed. Late Cent. XVII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 113.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Document
Notes: This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 2: Secular Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, Sep.-Dec. 1995; 'The World of Chaucer', Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, May-Aug. 2004.
Bibliography: John Arderne, Treatises of fistula in ano, haemorrhoids, and clysters, ed. D'Arcy Power. EETS, O.S. 139 (London: 1910), pp. xxxiv-xxxv; Julie Gardham, The world of Chaucer: medieval books and manuscripts (Glasgow, 2004), p. 36; L. MacKinney, Medical illustrations in medieval manuscripts (London, 1965), p. 128; Peter Murray Jones, Medieval medical miniatures (London: 1984), pp. 110-113; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 30; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 113-114.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: John Arderne fl.1370
Surgeon.
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
exhibition: Magic of the Middle Ages 1994-1995
Exhibition: The Magic of the Middle Ages: Manuscript Treasures of Glasgow University Library. Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts, Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 …
exhibition: World of Chaucer
Exhibition: The World of Chaucer: Medieval Books and Manuscripts from Glasgow University Library, held at the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 15 May-28 August 2004.
provenance: Charles Bernard 1650-1711
Surgeon.
provenance: Richard Mead 1673-1754
Physician and collector of books and art. His collections were auctioned after his death; some items were purchased by William Hunter (1718-1793)
subject: Newmarch fl.c.1370
Son of Sir Thomas Newmarch.
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