Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 96 (T.4.13)
Images: [ MS Hunter 96 fol. 23v-24r ] [ MS Hunter 96 fol. 68v ]
Date of Creation: Between 798 and 898
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Incerti Avctoris, Vocabvlarivm Medicinae.
Incerti Avctoris, Medica Qvaedam.
Heliodori (?), Codex Medicinalis de Lectionibvs.
Incerti Avctoris, Sapientia Artis Medicinae.
Clavdii Galeni Pergameni (?), Liber Medicinalis Svperior de Acvtis Passionibvs.
Incerti Avctoris, Medicinae Divisiones.
Hippocratis, Epistvla.
Incerti Avctoris, Medica Quaedam.
Incerti Avctoris, Liber Remediorvm..
Incerti Avctoris, De Infirmitatibvs Mvliervm.
Dardani (?), De Ponderibvs.
Incerti Avctris, Medica Quaedam.
The initials throughout exhibit the endless twist pattern and the I's generally end in a bird's head biting itself. D's contain bird-like grotesques. The twist pattern occurs also on the decorated margins of ff. 21-23. The vellum is coarse and defective, and the ruling irregular. The capitals, in titles, etc., are nearly all coloured red or green, although sometimes left outlined in ink. The letter C is exactly like E with the middle horizontal stroke omitted. The U is always uncial. The G is the square C with a backward curve over the end of the bottom line. These letters are frequently combined in quaint unusual ligatures, and are sometimes, especially I's, written much smaller and inserted in and among the larger letters. On f. 148 verso and f. 150 recto are additions in an uncial hand. On f. 184 recto a later hand (?XVI. Cent.) has added a list of the symbols of weight and their meanings.
[Formerly S.4.6; S.4.49].
Repaired with new morocco back, June 1936.
Medical Works. Glasgow University, Hunterian Library, MS. 96 (T.4.13) Parchment, 186 ff., 270 x 212 mm. S. France or N. Italy, s. viii/ix. A collection of writings on medicine by Hippocrates, Galen, and others. The origin of the manuscript is uncertain but, according to Lowe, it 'was probably written in Southern France or North Italy, in a centre with Visigothic connexions'. Another medical manuscript from the same centre is Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, nouv. acq. lat. 203. The script is an awkward pre-Caroline mixed miniscule. Three types of 'a' occur, and there are elements which resemble Caroline, Beneventan, and Visigothic forms. One quire has contemporary additions in Uncial and Caroline minuscule. The spelling is barbarous. The decoration consists of crudely drawn initials with bird motifs and heavy plaiting, and capitals, either black washed with yellow, or coarsely coloured red and green. This is the earliest Western manuscript in Scotland, except for the fragmentary palimpsest in the National Library (no. 1).
This was lot 1221 in the sale of Burmann's MSS, 1779
Arrangement: List Item Content
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 10 3/4 x 8½, ff. 186, originally ff. 192, well written in Lombardic hand, in double cols. of 32-39 lines, each 9 x 2½ for first 23 fols., thereafter in single cols. of 35-45 lines, each 9½ x 6¼, ruled and margined with bodkin, signatures on last verso of each quire, no catchwords, foliation (ff. 1-101) XVIII. Cent. (in pencil), illuminated initials, coloured (red and green) capitals, gamboge wash (faded) over small capitals, rare marginalia, fol. sec. Actis grece latine sambucam. Cent. IX.
Binding: Millboards, covered brown (faded crimson) grained Russia, gilt-tooled sides (thistles in the corners), edges, and panelled back, saffron edges, title (gilt) on green morocco shields: CODEX MEDICINALIS | M.S. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 104.]
Access: Access will not usually be granted, for preservation reasons. Please apply to Special Collections in advance.
Language: Latin
Material Type: Document
Bibliography: H. Diels, 'Die Handschriften der antiken Artzte. I. Teil: Hippokrates und Galenos', Abhandlungen der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philos.-histor. Abh. III, (Berlin, 1905), pp 51-53, 114, 128; Esculapius' De stomacho, edited with an introduction, translation and commentary by Maria Fredriksson (Ph.D. thesis, Uppsala, 2002), p. 34 et seq., description of MS Hunter 96; Klaus-Dietrich Fischer, 'De coelo uita - de terra mors: zwei Zeugnisse zur physischen Anthropologie aus dem frühen Mittelalter', Worte, Bilder, Töne: Studien zur Antike und Antikerezeption: Bernhard Kytzler zu ehren, hrsg. von Richard Faber und Bernd Seidensticker (Würzburg: Königshausen und Neumann, 1996), pp 213-29, esp. p. 214; Klaus-Dietrich Fischer, 'Ein neue Textzeuge der altlateinischen Übersetzung der hippokratischen Schrift Über die Umwelt', Latomus, t. 54 (1995), pp 51-57; Klaus-Dietrich Fischer, 'Universorum ferramentorum nomina: Frühmittelalterliche Listen chirurgischer Instrumente und ihr griechisches Vorbild', Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch, 22 (1987), pp. 28-44; H. Leisinger, Die lateinischen Harnschriften Pseudo-Galens (Beiträge zur Geschichte der Medizin, Heft 2, Zurich and Leipsic, 1925), p. 30 ff. with transcript of ff. 96v-98, and pl. II (f. 96v - reduced); W.M. Lindsay, Notae Latinae (Cambridge, 1915), pp. 154, 457; E.A. Lowe, Codices latini antiquiores, ii (Oxford, 1935), p. 12, 156 ; W.T. Menke, Western European medicine in the Dark Ages (2 studies, unpublished, 1984 and 1985 in off-prints file); National Library of Scotland, Treasures of Scottish libraries: catalogue (Edinburgh, 1961), i, 1; H. Schenkl, Bibliotheca patrum latinorum britannica, II.3: Die schottischen Bibliotheken (Sitzungsberichte... Akad... Wien, philos.-histor. Kl., Vienna, 1896), p. 21 No. 3122; H.E. Sigerist, 'Die "Lecciones Heliodori"', Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin, XIII (1921), pp. 145 ff. (with text of ff. 48-52), H.E. Sigerist, 'Die Prognostica Democriti im Cod. Hunterian. T.4.13, S. IX/X' ibid. pp. 157 ff. (with transcript of ff. 172v-173); H.E. Sigerist, Studien und Texte zur frühmittelalterlichen Rezeptliteratur (Studien zur Geschichte der Medizin, Heft 13, Leipsic, 1923), pp. 99 ff. (with transcript of ff. 137-177); Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 1; Treasures from Scottish libraries: catalogue of an exhibition held in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (Edinburgh, 1964); John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 103-105.
Exhibitions: 'Treasures of Scottish Libraries', National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961; 'Treasures from Scottish libraries', Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964; 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 2: Secular Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, Sep.-Dec. 1995; 'Manuscripts from Two Millennia', Glasgow University Library, 20 May 1996; Comic Invention, Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow, 18 March - 17 July 2016 (folios 21v-22r).
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: Dardanus
author: Galen 131-200
Formerly known as Claudius Galenus.
author: Heliodorus of Larissa
author: Hippocrates
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
exhibition: Magic of the Middle Ages 1994-1995
Exhibition: The Magic of the Middle Ages: Manuscript Treasures of Glasgow University Library. Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts, Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 …
exhibition: Manuscripts from Two Millennia 1996
Exhibition mounted to coincide with the visit of the Manuscript Society, Glasgow University Library, 20 May 1996.
exhibition: Treasures from Scottish Libraries 1964
Exhibition, Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964.
exhibition: Treasures of Scottish Libraries 1961
Exhibition, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961.
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