Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 85 (T.4.2)
Images: [ MS Hunter 85 fol. 35r ]
Associated Websites: MS Hunter 85: Book of the month.
Images and caption from English Language manuscripts course material web page.
Date of Creation: Between 1117 and 1122
Place of Creation: Durham?, England
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: Kalendarium.
Bedae Presbyteri Venerabilis (?), Decennovennales Circvli.
Bedae Presbyteri Venerabilis (?), Dialogvs de Temporibvs. (De Ratione Compvti).
Bedae Presbyteri Venerabilis, De Temporvm Ratione Liber.
Bedae Presbyteri Venerabilis, De Vernali Eqvinoctio Epistvla.
Dionysii Exigvi, Epistvlae Dvae, De Ratione Paschae.
Incerti Avctoris, De Variis Relationibvs, etc.
Arbonis Floriacensis, (?) Ephemeris sive Compotvs Volgaris.
Arbonis Floriacensis (?), Sententia de Ratione Sphaerae.
Hygini, De Sphaera.
Durham?, c.1120.
Dr. James notes: "From Durham Priory. See Catalogi veteres Dunelmenses (Surtees Society), p. 64. Press Mark, ff. 2a. 3i. T."
The vellum of the binding is part of a legal document in late XVII. Cent. English.
On the verso of i, 1. in an XVIII. Cent. hand is a note: "From Rapin's Hist: of England - | Bede was born in the year 673 within the precincts of the Monastery of Jarrow. He was ordained deacon at 19 and Priest at 30 years | of age. From which time 'till the 59th year of his age he never ceas'd | writing. He died in 735, aged 62. His body was removed from | Jarrow to Durham, and buried in the same coffin with St. Cuthbert."
On the verso of ii, 1. in a XII. Cent. hand, after an erasure of two lines (which was probably the name of Durham Priory): Liber Bede presbiteri de temporibus. | Epistola Dionisii abbatis urbis rome de compoto. | Sententia abdonis de ratione spere. | Liber ygini | Aratus astrologus. | Beda de natura rerum | Liber eiusdem . de temporibus minor. | Liber de arte metrica. | Liber de scematibus et de tropis. [Under this in an early XV. Cent. hand:] Contenta | in hoc libro | Beda de temporibus per modum dialogi . cum kalendario precedente folio 1. | Liber eiusdem de temporibus folio 13. | Epistola eiusdem ad wytedum presbiterum de vernali equinoctio 71 | Epistola dionisij abbatis ad petronium episcopum de pasca folio 73 | Epistola siue liber dionisij ad bonifacium et bonum secundicerium | de tempore pasce celebrando etiam de compoto folio 75 | Compotus vulgaris siue ephemereda abdonis de hijs que ad lunam uel sidera pertinent . 92 | Sentencia abdonis de ratione spere cum circulis et terminis | yginus de nominibus stellarum diuersis et duodecum signis cum fa | bulis et picturis eis pertinentibus . opus est egregium 95 | Aratus astrologus | Beda de naturis rerum folio 154 | Beda de temporibus minor folio 159 | Beda de arte metrica folio 164 | Beda de scematibus et tropis . folio 172 | 2a 3i T.
On the recto of 1, 1. is pencilled the extract from Rapin's History that appears on the fly-leaf.
The "Decennovennales Circuli" are in a late XIII. Cent. hand [N.B. This seems rather doubtful: the characteristics point rather to the second half of C XII. Cf. H.S. Offler "Medieval historians of Durham" (Inaug. Lect., 1958), p. 11, note 21], and have numerous marginal notes beginning on f. 'viij' top margin, thus: Beda. Placuit paschalem plenario ordine circulum presenti opusculo prefigure . sumpto exordio a quingentesimo tricesimo secundo dominice incarnati | onis anno. ubi primum dionisius circulum cepit . anno sexto principis Iustiniani, qui in urbe constantinopoli christo domino qui est sapientia dei patris templum construxit quod agias sophias . id est . sancte sapientie nominauit.
f. '49' verso lines 4-7, contains the first half of this note and gives, as the terminus ad quem of the "circles," 1063 A.D.
The red ruling of f. 'xvij' was rudely drawn subsequent to the writing, the rubrics are in a later hand than on the preceding page, and the last col. under "Luna ipsius diez" is blank. About half an inch of the top margin of (4, 1 [f. 'xvij']) is cut off, probably to remove the name of Durham Priory, as the remains of the private library mark would show.
The foliation in Roman numerals which begins on f. 2, 1. (the Calendar not being foliated) ends f. 4, 1 recto (f. 'xvij'), after which the Arabic notation continues to the end (f. '128'). This was done before ff. 4, 9. 10. and 5, 1. were cut out, as 5, 2. is numbered '11.' f. 13, 2. is numbered '93,' and f. 13, 3. is numbered '95' in error. Coloured marginal diagrams occur ff. '27' recto and verso, '29' recto, '30' verso, '31' recto, '32' recto, and '34' verso.
The first Epistle of Dionysius ends f. '75' recto line 26, thus: dio requiruntur . Orantem pro nobis beatitudinem uestram diuina gracia custodire dignetur . [Greek characters] . (i.e. finit). These Greek figures are in the same character as in f. 1, 11 verso and 4, 5 recto.
[Formerly S.4.10; S.4.53].
Writings on the Kalendar. Glasgow University, Hunterian Library, MS. 85 (T.4.2). Parchment, 148 ff., 285 x 195 mm. Durham, s. xiii. A collection of works, mainly concerning the use of the Kalendar, by Bede, Abbo of Fleury, Hyginus, and others. The manuscript has close relations with, and may be partly copied from, another Durham manuscript (Hunter 100). The text is written in a late Caroline minuscule by a number of hands, all (according to Mynors) of the second quarter of the 12th century but not all of the same date. Capitals and decoration are mainly of the 'clove-curl' type (Mynors); red, purple, blue, green, and yellow are used. On f. 35, at the beginning of Bede's treatise on the Reckoning of Times, there is a historiated initial with a seated figure of the author. The so-called Annales Lindisfarnenses et Dunelmenses (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Scriptores, xix, pp. 502-8), which appear as marginal entries to the group of Easter tables at the beginning of the volume, were mistakenly thought by their discoverer, G.H. Pertz, to represent contemporary entries from the 8th century onwards, but are now attributed to the 12th century.
Fols. 28-149, i.e. 122 leaves, numbered 1-128, with numbers 8, 9, 10, 57, 58, 94 lacking.
Repaired with new vellum back, June 1939.
For another description of MS T.4.2 see: R.A.B. Mynors, Durham Cathedral MSS. to the end of the Twelfth Century, Oxford, 1939, p. 55 (no. 71)
Fol. 98 Walcher of Malvern, Lunar tables (fragment) - see Charles Burnett (ed.), Adelard of Bath, London, 1987, p. 174 and p. 181.
Press-mark 2a. 3i. T. dated from period 1416-1446 when the books were placed in a new library. The MS. was bought in 1810 from Mr. Taylor, who acquired it as composition for debt from Mr Bailey. See letter from William Turner to James Couper, 14 November 1819 (MR 51/85.)
"The specimen from [XII Cent. part of] T.4.2 seems to illustrate the work of the same scribe as Jesus Coll. Camb. 64, ff. 16-83." - Prof. T.A.M. Bishop, Cambridge. 11 June 1953
Arrangement: List Item Content
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 11¼ x 7 3/8, ff. 148, originally ff. 154, in single cols. of 31-40 lines, each 9¼ x 6½ - 8 x 5 1/8, ruled and margined with brown crayon, plummet, and bodkin, signatures, cropped (on the verso of last folios), no catchwords, foliation (late XIV. and early XV. Cent.), illuminated and coloured initials, rubrics, coloured diagrams (red, blue, and green), numerous marginalia, additions and corrections, fol. sec. Januarius habet dies. Cents. XII. and XIII.
Binding: Pasteboards, covered quarter vellum, vellum straps, and blue-grey paper (as in T.3.21), title (ink): BEDA | de | TEMPOR. Early Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 92.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Calendar
Bibliography: J. E. Story 'Symeon as annalist' from Ed. David Rollason "Symeon of Durham ... historian of Durham and the north" (Stamford: 1988), pp 202-13; Charles Burnett (ed.), Adelard of Bath (London, 1987), p. 174 and p. 181; Bruce Eastwood, Professor, University of Kentucky, latter concerning Ghislaine Viré, "La transmission du de astronimia d'Hygin jusqu'au XIIIe siècle". 8 November 1985; C.W. Jones (ed.), Bedae opera de temporibus, (Cambridge, Mass., 1943), pp. 168, 170, 185; M.L.W. Laistner & H.H. King, A hand-list of Bede manuscripts, Ithaca (N.Y.), 1943, pp. 121, 149;Wilhelm Levison, 'Die "Annales Lindisfarnenses et Dunelmenses"', Deutsches Archiv für Forschung des Mittelalters, 17 (1961), pp. 447-506; R.A.B. Mynors, Durham Cathedral manuscripts, Oxford, 1939, pp. 55-6; National Library of Scotland, Treasures of Scottish libraries: catalogue (Edinburgh, 1961), i, 11; H.S. Offler, Medieval historians of Durham, Durham, 1958, p. 11 and n. 21; David Rollason, 'To Whitby for Easter: Wilfrid's triumph', Church Times, no. 7131 (15 October 1999), pp 14-15, including colour reproduction of fol. 19v; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 9; Treasures from Scottish libraries: catalogue of an exhibition held in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (Edinburgh, 1964). no. 11; Ghislaine Viré, Informatique et classement des manuscrits: essai méthodologique sur le De astronomia d'Hygin (Brussels, 1986); John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp. 91-94.
Exhibitions: 'Treasures of Scottish Libraries', National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961; 'Treasures from Scottish libraries', Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964; 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 2: Secular Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, Sep.-Dec. 1995.
Accession Number: 2512
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: Abbo Saint, Abbot of Fleury c945-1004
author: Bede The Venerable, Saint 673-735
author: Dionysius Exiguus d. c. 540
author: Caius Julius Hyginus
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
exhibition: Magic of the Middle Ages 1994-1995
Exhibition: The Magic of the Middle Ages: Manuscript Treasures of Glasgow University Library. Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts, Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 …
exhibition: Treasures from Scottish Libraries 1964
Exhibition, Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964.
exhibition: Treasures of Scottish Libraries 1961
Exhibition, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961.
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