||MS Hunter 60 (T.2.18)
||Le Miroir de l'Humaine Salvation
MS Hunter 60: Book of the month.
|Date of Creation:
Between 1454 and 1455
|Level of Description:
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
||Jehan Mielot, Le Miroir de l'Humaine Salvation. (Incerti Avctoris (?Conradi de Altzheim), Specvlvm Hvmanae Salvationis.)
Jehan (Jean) Mielot's Miroir de l'humaine Salvation:
1. Author's preface:
Begins - under a picture of the author presenting his work to Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy - (f. 1, 1 recto col. a, lines 1-5): C [illuminated initial] Omme il soit ain | sy que pour eschie | uer oiseuse. Le | noble stile et gra | tieux vsaige et labour de enar
Ends (same page, col. b, lines 16, 17): et ma simplesse pour ex | cuses...
2. The work (adapted from (?) Conrad de Altzheim's Speculum Humanae Salvationis).
Begins - under a four-fold miniature - (f. 1, 1 verso col. a, lines 1-4): A [illuminated initial] D ce doncques. | que nous ne re | samblons pas | lucifer . quant
Ends (8, 5 [fol. 61] verso col. b, lines 6-14): Amen. Paragraph mark [blue] Et ainsi fine | ce present proces du my- | roir de lumaine salua- | tion fait et translate | de latin en franchois | a bruges lan de grace | mil quatre cent et cinquante | cincq. | Explicit.
Remarks: This is, as Dr. James observed, an extremely fine work, and its illuminations are executed with exquisite care.
On the first folio recto - a floreated page - is a picture, 5 3/8 x 3½, representing the author of this translation (or adaptation rather) from the Speculum Humanae Salvationis, presenting it to his patron the Duke of Burgundy (Philip le Bon) who is seated on a white marble throne on a black dais with a reredos and canopy of brown and gold, and is dressed in a sleeved violet and gold robe lined with black fur, a brimmed black hat with a round gold brooch or medal, and a black fold falling on his right shoulder crossing the breast and lying over his left, and wearing at his waist a long dirk-like dagger in black and gold sheath. The author, bareheaded, tonsured, in a blue sleeved robe lined with brown fur and a fold of red and gold thrown over his left shoulder and falling down in front, offers his book, bound in blue with gold clasps and five gold bosses, with his right hand, and points with his left to two female figures, the nearest (representing the Synagogue) in blue bodice and skirt retroussé round the hips, so as to show yellow lining, sleeves similarly turned up revealing an under-bodice and skirt of red and gold. She is blindfolded with a white bandage with waving ends, has a crown toppling off her head, and holds a broken lance with a blue pennant which bears, in grotesque characters, the legend (gilt): MVTABE, in her left, and the Tables of the Law in her right. To her right stands a black-gowned, white-coifed nun (representing the Church) crowned and nimbed, with patriarchal cross and banderole (a white cross on a red ground) in her right hand, and in her left, a golden Chalice and Host. These approach from without, where a landscape fills the background. The interior, where the dais stands, has a groined roof resting on blue pillars, and is surrounded with an open-windowed verandah.
f. 1 verso. Fall of Lucifer. Creation of Eve. Marriage of Adam and Eve. Temptation of Eve.
f. 3 recto. The Fall. Expulsion from Eden. Adam delving, Eve spinning, The Flood.
f. 4 verso. Joachim and Angel. King Astyages' Dream. (Her.i.108.). The Garden Inclosed. (Song of S.iv.12.). Balaam and Angel.
f. 6 recto. Nativity of B.V.M. The Root of Jesse. The Shut Door. (Ez.xliv.1.). Solomon's Temple.
f. 7 verso. Presentation of B.V.M. The Golden Table. Jephtha's Sacrifice. Esther's Garden.
f. 9 recto. Betrothal of B.V.M. Tobit's Betrothal to Sarah. Tower of Baris. (Antonia.) (Jos. B.J.i.3.[Section]3.) David's Tower and Shields (Song S.iv.4.).
f. 10 verso. Annunciation to B.V.M. Moses and the Bush. Gideon's Fleece. Rebekah and Eliezer.
f. 12 recto. The Nativity. The Butler's Dream. Aaron's Rod. Augustus and Sibyl.
f. 13 verso. Adoration of the Magi. The Star in the East. David's Three Heroes. Solomon's Throne.
f. 15 recto. The Presentation. The Ark of the Covenant. The Golden Candlestick. Presentation of Samuel.
f. 16 verso. The Flight. Isis and Horus. Moses breaking Pharaoh's Crown. Nebuchadnezzar's Dream of the Golden Idol.
f. 17 recto. The Baptism. The Brazen Laver. Naaman in Jordan. The Ark crossing Jordan.
f. 19 verso. The Temptation. Daniel and Bel. David and Goliath. David killing Lion and Bear.
f. 20 recto. Mary Magdalene. Manasseh's Penance. The Prodigal's Return. David's Penitence.
f. 22 verso. Triumphal Entry. Jeremiah's Lament. David's Triumph. Heliodorus scourged.
f. 24 recto. The Last Supper. The Manna. The Passover. Melchizedek and Abraham.
f. 25 verso. Gethsemane: Soldiers falling. Samson and Jawbone. Shamgar (Jud. iv.) David (2 Sam. xxiii.).
f. 27 recto. Judas' Betrayal. Joab and Amasa. Saul and David. Cain and Abel.
f. 28 verso. Jesus Mocked. Hur mocked. Noah mocked. Samson mocked.
f. 29 verso. Jesus Scourged. Achior scourged. (Judith, v.). Lamech tormented by his wives. Job reviled by his wife, and scourged by Satan.
f. 31 recto. The Crown of Thorns. King decrowned. Shimei's Abuse. King Hanun's Insult. (2 Sam. x. 4.).
f. 32 verso. Jesus bearing Cross. Isaac bearing Wood. Vineyard Murder. The Bunch of Eschol.
f. 34 recto. Jesus nailed to Cross. Tubal Cain. Martyrdom of Isaiah. King of Moab immolating his Son.
f. 35 recto. The Crucifixion. Nebuchadnezzar's Dream of the Tree. King Codrus' Devotion. (Strabo, xiv. 633.). Eliezer and Elephant. (1 Macc. vi. 46.)
f. 36 verso. The Pierced Side. David and Michal. Absalom hanged. Evil Merodach's Atrocity.
f. 38 recto. The Descent from the Cross. Jacob mourning Joseph. Adam and Eve mourning Abel. Noemi mourning her Sons.
f. 39 recto. The Entombment. David mourning Abner. Joseph put in the Well. Jonah and the Whale.
f. 40 verso. The Descent into Limbus. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego. Daniel and the Lions. Schamir (cf. S. Baring Gould, Curious Myths, xvi. pp. 395-6.).
f. 42 recto. Christ crushing the Devil with the Cross. Benaiah and the Lion. (1 Chron. xi. 22.). Samson and the Lion. Ehud and Eglon.
f. 43 verso. The Devil vanquished by B.V.M. Judith killing Holofernes. Jael killing Sisera. Tomyris killing Cyrus.
f. 44 verso. Christ rescuing the Patriarchs. Moses leading the Exodus. Abraham's rescue from the Fire. Lot's Escape.
f. 46 recto. The Resurrection. Samson's Escape from Gaza. Jonah's Escape. The Chief Corner-Stone.
f. 47 verso. The Ascension. Jacob's Dream. The Lost Sheep. Elijah's Translation.
f. 49 recto. Pentecost. Babel. Moses and the Israelites. The Widow's Cruse.
f. 50 verso. Intercession of B.V.M. (The Virgins mourning for Christ and revisiting the sites of His life and Passion.). Michal and Phaltiel. (2 Sam. iii. 13-16.). The Ten Pieces of Silver. The Shulamite. (Song of S. vi. 13.)
f. 51 verso. Assumption of B.V.M. (Coronation of the Virgin. R. Schneider (York, Toronto), 8.v.8.0.). David and the Ark. The B.V.M. in Glory. Solomon and his Mother.
f. 53 recto. S. Dominic and B.V.M. (Intercession of the Virgin who presents St. Dominic and St. Francis to Christ. E. Suber (Cambridge), 12.78.). Abigail. The Wise Woman of Tekoah (2 Sam. xiv. 4.). The Wise Woman of Abel (2 Sam. xx. 16.).
f. 54 verso. Protection of B.V.M. Tharbis, Princess of Ethiopia and Moses. (Jos. A.J. ii. 5.). Abimelech. Michal aiding David's Escape.
f. 56 recto. Christ's Intercession. Antipater and Caesar. Intercession of B.V.M. Esther.
f. 57 verso. The Last Judgment. The Talents. The Ten Virgins. Mene Tekel.
f. 59 recto. The Gates of Hell. Martyrs mutilated (show David punishing enemies & citizens of Rabat). Martyrs scourged (show David punishing enemies & citizens of Rabat). Pharaoh's Host in the Red Sea.
f. 60 recto. The Joys of Heaven. (B.V.M. enthroned with Christ.). Solomon's Feast to the Queen of Sheba. Ahasuerus' Feast (depicted are triangular harp & a bowed lute (not a normal fiddle), see letter from R.G. Lawson, 30/10/1976.). Job's Feast.
Jean Mielot was a canon of Lille in Flanders, and translated the Speculum Humanae Salvationis in 1448, by order of Philip le Bon, whose secretary he was.
[Formerly R.3.12; Q.3.29].
N.B. According to Dr. B. Cardon, Universiteit te Leuven, this French translation is not by Miélot but by an as yet unidentified writer (Nov. 1993).
Rebacked, joints lined, refurbished, by Dunn & Wilson, 16 February 1959. (Old boards & spine retained).
N.L.S. Treasures of Scottish libraries, x, 3. [p. 16, item 42; plate VIII].
Trésors des bibliothèques d'Ecosse (Brussels, 1963)10/03/2000 Miroir de la Salvation Humaine. Glasgow University, Hunterian ms. 60 (T.2.18). Parchemin; 63 f.; 302 x 213 mm.; Bruges, 1455; Reliure: XVIIIe siècle, maroquin rouge sur ais de carton. Planche 17. Traduction française, par Jean Miélot, de l'oeuvre théologique populaire, Speculum lumanae salvationis. Le manuscrit provient de l'atelier de Guillaume Vrelant, qui est l'auteur de la première miniature - le traducteur offrant son livre à Philippe le Bon. Les autres miniatures (chacune en quatre compartiments, le premier en couleur, les autres en grisaille) sont d'un travail moins achevé, du aux assistants de Vrelant. Le manuscrit fut acheté par Hunter à la vente Gaignat en 1769.
Treasures from Scottish libraries (Dublin, 1964): Miroir de l'Humaine Salvation. Glasgow University, Hunterian Library, MS. 60 (T.2.18). Parchment, 63 ff., 302 x 213 mm. Bruges, 1455. A translation into French by Jean Miélot of the popular theological work, Speculum humanae salvationis. The manuscript, written in bastard script, is from the atelier of William Vrelant at Bruges. The date and place of writing are given in the colophon. The first miniature - the translator presenting his book to Philip the Good - is by Vrelant himself. The other miniatures (each in four compartments, the first in colour, the rest in grisaille) are less accomplished work by Vrelant's assistants. F. 1 and a few other folios have panels of acanthus and vine-leaf decoration, but for the most part there is no marginal ornament. Bought by Hunter at the Gaignat sale in 1769.
Lutz and Perdrizet, 1907::Glasgow. Bibliothèque de l'Université. Hunterian Museum, 60. Parchemin, folio, 1455; 64 feuillets. Ecrit à Bruges, d'une main française. Version de Jean Miélot. Miniatures. Celle du frontispice représente le traducteur offrant son livre à Philippe le Bon. «Au extremely fine work, and its illuminations are executed with exquisite care». Il est croyable que c'est le ms. qui a figuré aux ventes Duriez et Bruyère-Chalabre et qui est signalé dans le Catalogue Crozet, p. 2, no. 8 et dans le Manuel de Dutuit, t. I, p. 201. Cat. of Mss in the Hunterian Museum, no. 60. Communication du bibliothécaire, 10 juillet 1906.
Vellum, 12 x 8½, ff. 63, originally ff. 64, written at Bruges in a French hand, in double cols. of 37 lines, each 7 3/4 x 2½, ruled and margined in (faded) red ink, foliation (early XVII. Cent.), catchwords and signatures (the latter almost all cropped), first page floreated, illuminated initials, paragraph marks coloured blue and red alternately, miniatures, usually at the top in four adjacent gold-bordered compartments (on f. 29 verso, a vertical arrangement), containing 1. antitype in colour, r. types in grisaille, fol. sec. de damas. Cent. XV. (dated 1455).
Binding: Millboards, covered red morocco (?by Derome), gilt-tooled sides, edges (lines), and inside margins (trefoil pattern), richly decorated panelled back, title: LE MIROIR | DE | L'HUMAIN | SALVAT. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 69.]
||This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'Flemish Art, 1300-1700', Royal Academy of Arts, London, 5 December 1953-6 March 1954; 'Treasures of Scottish Libraries', National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961; 'Trésors des Bibliothèques d'Ecosse', Brussels, 1963; 'Treasures from Scottish libraries', Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964; 'William Hunter, Book Collector', Glasgow University Library, Apr.-Sep. 1983; 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 July 1994; 'Realising the Potential', Leeds University Library, 24 April-2 June 1995.
||Jack Baldwin, William Hunter, 1718-1783, book collector: catalogue of an exhibition (Glasgow, 1983), no. 11; G.F de Bure, Supplément à la Bibliographie instructive, ou catalogue des livres du cabinet de feu M. Louis Jean Gaignat (Paris 1769), no. 117; L.M.J. Delaissé, La miniature flamande (Bruxelles, 1959), no. 106; Leuven in de late middeleeuwen: Dirk Bouts: het laatste avondmaal, ed. Anna Bergmans (Tielt: Lannoo, 1998), p. 157 - reproduction of fol. 24; J. Lutz & P. Perdrizet, Speculum humanae salvationis (Mulhouse, 1907), i. p. 105; National Library of Scotland, Treasures of Scottish libraries: catalogue (Edinburgh, 1961), x, 3; Royal Academy of Arts, Flemish art, 1300-1700 (London, 1953), p. 152 (no. 567); Maurits Smeyers, L'art de la miniature flamande du VIIIe au XVIe síècle (Tournai, 1998), pp 318-319plates 41-42; Maurits Smeyers, 'A mid-fifteenth century Book of Hours from Bruges in the Walters Art Gallery (MS. 721) and its relation to the Turin-Milan Hours.' Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, 46 (1988), pp. 55-76 - p. 61 & note 31 refer to Mocking of Christ and the humiliation of Samson, fol. 28 verso; Maurits Smeyers, 'Middeleeuwse miniaturen, spiegel van de werkelijkheid', Cultuurwetenschappen in beweging, ed. Theo Venckeleer and Werner Verbeke (Leuven, 1992), pp 197-235, esp. p. 73 and plate 15; Cyriel Stroo (Ed), Pre-Eyckian Panel Painting in the Low Countries, (Brussels, 2009), Vol 1 Catalogue p262 (n 217); Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 116; Treasures from Scottish libraries: catalogue of an exhibition held in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (Edinburgh, 1964), no. 42; Trésors des bibliothèques d'Ecosse (Brussels, 1963), no. 29; Adrian Wilson & Joyce Lancaster Wilson, A medieval mirror: Speculum humanae salvationis 1324-1500 (Univ. California Press, 1985), pp. 73-76; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 68-71.
See details of how this material was acquired