Item Details

Call Number: MS Hunter 59 (T.2.17)
Images: [ MS Hunter 59 fol. 6v ] [ MS Hunter 59 fol. 129r ]
Associated Websites: Images and caption from English Language manuscripts course material web page.
Images and caption from World of Chaucer web exhibition
Date of Creation: Between 1399 and 1408
Place of Creation: England
Level of Description: Item
Part of MS Hunter 1-658
Content: John Gower, Vox Clamantis.
John Gower, Chronica Tripertita.
John Gower, Caetera Carmina Minora.
John Gower, Traitié.
On i, 1 verso in Dr. Wm. Hunter's hand: Johannis Gower | Vox Clamantis, Carmen historicum, | et carmina quedam alia ejusdem | Scriptoris.
On ii, 1 recto, in another XVIII. Cent. hand: Precipua | ex jis, que Continentur in Libro johannis Gower | Angli Equitis aurati in membrana conscripto et numquam | Typis edito, optimeque conservato. | Sub initium Libri, post indicem, homo Depictus cernitur, | qui armatus arcû sagittam emittit in Globum, his superne | adscriptis versibus: | Ad mundum mitto mea jacula, dumque sagitto | Att vbi justus erit, nulla sagitta ferit | Sed male viventes hos vulnero transgredientes | Conscius ergo sibi se speculetur ibi. | Littere aliquot initiales picte sunt, atque inaurate. | Liber una eademque manu est conscriptus. | sub Libri finem picta visuntur autoris gentilitia insignia | coloribus variegata, supra verò legere est | Orantibus pro anima johannis Gower mille . quingenti. | Dies indulgencie misericorditer in Domino Conceduntur. | Ad calcem ejusdem pagine spectatur Feretrum cui superscriptum | est hoc Tetrastichon: | Armigeri scutum nichil ammodo fert sibi tutum | Reddidit immo Lutum morti generale Tributum | Spiritus exutum se gaudet esse solutum | Est ubi virtutum Regnum sine Labe statutum. | Quo ad materiam ut sequitur. | johannis Goweri Equitis aurati et poete Laureati, | Tractatus qui jnscribitur Vox clamantis, Continet vitam, | Acta ac Tyrranidem Rickardi II. Anglie Regis, | [ii, 1 verso] Qui à tribus Regni Nobilibus, Thoma Duce Glovernie, | Ricardo comite Arundellie, Thoma comite de Warrewick | cum quibusdam aliis Regni proceribus, Depositus fuit. | Quod manifestius Autor predictus enarrat in chronico | suo subsequenti Tripartito, jncipiens ab Anno 1387. vsque | ad Henerici IV. Regis Anglie, Annum secundum. | accedunt varia opuscula, Latinè partim et Gallicè, | omnia metricè. Autor obiit cecus Londini 1402. | et ad Ripam Tamesis in Templo S. Marie de Ouere | splendide sepultus eique Erecta est Statua que Duplicia | gerit ornamenta, Torquem videlicet auream, insigne | militis et Equitis aurati ex Hedera Rosis interstinctam | Coronam; honorarium poete Laureati ornamentum. | Vide jo. Pitseum de jllust. anglie script. pag. 575. | No. 1402. et jo. Lelandum pag. 414 comment. de script. Britannicis. | alia adhuc opuscula sequuntur videlicet; | Carmen ad Regem Henricum IV. | Contra Demonis Astutiam in causa Lollardie Zizania. 120. b. | Contra mentis sevitiam in causa superbie. 121. a. | Contra carnis Luxuriam in causa concupiscentie. 121. b. | Contra mundi fallaciam in causa perjurii et avaritie. 122. b. [ii, 2 recto] Scrutinium Lucis Liber unus: in quo inter alia: 123. b. | Si Roman pergas, ut ibi tua Lumina tergas | (Nota scripsit hec autor tempore schismatis) | Lumina mira cape, quia Rome sunt Duo Pape. | Et si plus cleri jam debent Lumina queri | Sub modio tecta latitat Lucerna rejecta. | Presulis officia mundus tegit absque sophia | Stat sua Lux nulla, dum Simonis est ibi Bulla | Est iter hoc vile, qui taliter intrat ovile; | nec bene discernit Lumen, qui Lumina spernit | Sic caput obscurum de membris nil fore purum | Effecit, et secum sic cecus habet sibi cecum | Traittié touchant Lestat de matrimonie. 124. b. | Carmen de variis in amore passionibus. 128. b. | Epistola, quam johannes Gower in Laudem Henrici IV. | jam coronati ad modum orationis composuit. 129. b | Carmen, quod jo. Gower tempore Regis Ricardi composuit | Extremum est 130. b. | Carmen, quo causam, cur cesset scribere, in cecitatem | suam refert. 131. b. [The references to the folios are by the foliator.]
On ii, 2 verso in the same hand: Meminit de hoc Autore johanne Gower, preclarus Thomas | Hearnius in Roberti de Avesbury Historia de Mirabilibus | Gestis Eduardi III. vide pag: 295.
On 1, 1 recto, top margin, in a late XVII. Cent. hand: Ex libris A. de . Valckeni Junioris (?) [under this in a XVI. Cent. hand:] 1387; [this hand has inserted the same date in the top margin of f. 109 recto, and the date 1397 in the side margin of f. 114 verso]
On f. 94 verso is another date in a contemporary hand: 1518 pridie aprilis (?).
On f. 132 recto, under the last line of text, in a XVII. Cent. hand: Memorare nouissima.
THE ILLUSTRATIONS.
The verso of f. 6 contains - under the four following lines: [small a in space for initial A] D mundum mitto mea iacula dumque sagitto | At vbi iustus erit nulla sagitta ferit | Sed male viuentes hos vulnero transgredientes | Conscius ergo sibi se speculetur ibi - a picture, 8½ x 7¼, of a man (?the Author), in a conical brown fur hat with turned-up brim, worn over the cowl of a long dark-blue kaftan-like garment lined with fawn (?rabbit skin), and having baggy short sleeves, from which appear the close-fitting black sleeves of an inner garment. He has sheepskin archer's gloves and aims an arrow, barbed and winged, at the Globe, on which are conventionally represented, in three compartments, red clouds and blue sky, vegetation, and wavy water, to represent the three elements, air, earth and water. The man has a forked beard and slight moustache. The inner surface of the bow is pink, the outer green. There are three other arrows stuck through his black girdle, and he stands in black hose on a tufted field of green and black. See the frontispiece to Vol. IV. of Professor G.C. Macaulay's edition of Gower.
f. 7 verso is floreated and richly gilt.
On f. 129 recto - under the two following lines: Orantibus pro anima Johannis Gower: mille quingenti dies | indulgencie misericorditer in domino conceduntur - is a shield of arms, 3 3/8 x 2¼, (supported right and left by two vermilion-nimbed, flaxen-haired, flying angels in blue draperies), which bears (argent) on a chevron (azure) three talbots heads (or) langued (gules).
In the lower half of the same page - under the four following lines: Armigeri scutum nichil ammodo fert sibi tutum. | Reddidit immo lutum morti generale tributum. | Spiritus exutum se gaudet esse solutum. | Est vbi virtutum regnum sine labe statutum - a picture of a bier, 5 3/4 x 2 3/4, covered with a blue damask mort-cloth with red and white pattern, and a vermilion cross painted over all. Yellow wax candles burn at the head and foot, in black (?silver) candlesticks. The bearers' poles protrude both their clubbed ends, the whole standing on a lozenge pattern of pink, with black dividing lines.
Professor Macaulay notes as to the text of this original MS.: "The text of G has, as might be expected, a close affinity with that of S [All Souls College, Oxf. 98], but the peculiarities of S as regards revision in certain passages, e.g. iii, 1 ff., iv. 1197 ff., are not shared by this MS., which goes here with the other revised copies C [Cotton. Tib. A. iv. Brit. Mus.] and H [Harleian 6291, Brit. Mus.]. In one place at least G has a further touch of revision, viz. in the heading of vi. cap. vii., where its reading is shared by D [Digby 138, Bodl. Lib. Oxf.]. In a good many instances, however, G stands with S (sometimes in company with D or L [Laud 719, Bodl. Lib., Oxf.]) in support of a probably true reading which is not given by other MSS., as:- i. 465, 468, 479, 1454, iv. 72, v. 789, vii. 684, 1342, or of an error, as:- i. 1525, 1870, iii. 1863, iv. 799. It may be noted that sometimes in G an erasure has been made without the correction being supplied. The following are some of the hands that may be distinguished in this manuscript:
(1) Text of the Vox Clamantis. This seems to be the same as S(1), H(2).
(2) Text of the Cronica Tripertita and succeeding pieces to f. 131 recto, passages re-written over erasure in vi. 545 ff., 1159 ff. and in the conclusion of the Vox Clamantis. This is the same as S(2), C(3), H(3).
(3) Corrections in vi. cap. xix., vii. cap. iii. and xxiv., rewritten lines at the beginning and near the end of the Cronica Tripertita, text of the poem 'Henrici Regis' with its heading f. 131. Perhaps the same as S(3).
(4) The marginal note at iii. 375: the same as S(4), C(6), H(6). [This note, as Prof. Macaulay elsewhere points out, refers to the crusade of the bishop of Norwich in Flanders in the year 1383, which probably took place after the completion of our author's book.] It is added in SCHG in what appears to be one and the same hand, possibly that of the author himself.
(5) The text of 'Vnamines esse' and the succeeding poems on f. 131 verso, 132".
[Formerly Q.2.14; Q.2.33].
Per Mrs. Brock: Molini 18 Florins (from the sale at Molines).
A. Brusendorff, in The Chancer tradition, London, 1925, p. 56, notes: 'Gower... issued several editions of his various works from his own scriptorium in carefully corrected copies'. The Vox clamantis etc. of MS Hunter 59 is one of these, there being three other copies of these texts in a total of eight MSS surviving from Gower's Scriptorium. Brusendorff says there is no multiplicity of scribes in the MS: 'to me it is perfectly clear that the same scribe wrote practically all the contents.'
Arrangement: List Item Content
Physical Description: Bound volume.
Vellum, 11 3/4 x 7½, ff. 132, regularly and well written (with passages carefully erased and re-written), in single cols. of 53 lines (in Vox Clam. 51 or 52 lines), each 9 3/8 x 5, ruled and margined with plummet, catchwords, signatures (mostly cropped off), foliation (modern, in pencil), two pictured pages, one floreated page, gilt and illuminated initials (at beginning of books), large and small blue initials with red ornament and gestures (at beginning of capitula), small initials and (very few) paragraph marks, alternately red and blue, few marginalia, fol. sec. Capitulum viii. Cent. XIV.
Binding: Millboards, covered veau fauve, blind-tooled side panels, title (gilt) on crimson morocco shields (modern): VOX | CLAMANTIS | GOWER. Cent. XVIII.
[For detailed collation see: John Young and P. Henderson Aitken, A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of The Hunterian Museum in The University of Glasgow. (Glasgow, 1908), p. 65.]
Access: Normal conditions
Language: Latin
Material Type: Document
Notes: This manuscript has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'Treasures of Scottish Libraries', National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961; 'Treasures from Scottish libraries', Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964; 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989.has been exhibited on the following occasions: 'The Glory of the Page', Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. 1988, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Jun.-Aug. 1988, Burrell Collection, Glasgow, Nov. 1988-Jan. 1989; 'The Magic of the Middle Ages, Part 2: Secular Manuscripts', Glasgow University Library, Sep.-Dec. 1995; ; 'The World of Chaucer', Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, May-Aug. 2004.
Bibliography: A.I. Doyle & M.B. Parkes, 'The production of copies of the Canterbury Tales and the Confessio Amantis in the early fifteenth century', in N.R. Ker, Medieval Scribes (1978), pp 163-210 (for MS 59 see p. 164 n. 3 - MS 59 written before Gower's death in 1408 and before All Souls MS); Julie Gardham, The world of Chaucer: medieval books and manuscripts (Glasgow, 2004), p. 21; M.B. Parkes, 'Patterns of scribal activity and revisions of the text in early copies of works by John Gower, in New Science and Old Books (Scolar Press, 1995), pp 81-121; John Gower, The complete works of John Gower, ed. A.C. Macaulay, volume IV (Oxford, 1902), pp lxii-lxiii; National Library of Scotland, Treasures of Scottish libraries: catalogue (Edinburgh, 1961), v, 6; Nigel Thorp, The glory of the page (London, 1987), no. 29; John Young & P.H. Aitken, A catalogue of the manuscripts in the Library of the Hunterian Museum in the University of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1908), pp 64-68.
Accession Number: 2482
See details of how this material was acquired
Repository Code: GB 0247

Names associated with this item:

author: John Gower c.1325-1408
Poet
exhibition: Glory of the Page 1987-1989
Exhibition of medieval manuscripts from Glasgow University Library: Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Oct. 1987-Jan. 1988, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Feb.-Apr. …
exhibition: Magic of the Middle Ages 1994-1995
Exhibition: The Magic of the Middle Ages: Manuscript Treasures of Glasgow University Library. Part 1: Sacred Manuscripts, Glasgow University Library, 21 April-30 …
exhibition: Treasures from Scottish Libraries 1964
Exhibition, Trinity College Library, Dublin, 1964.
exhibition: Treasures of Scottish Libraries 1961
Exhibition, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1961.
exhibition: World of Chaucer
Exhibition: The World of Chaucer: Medieval Books and Manuscripts from Glasgow University Library, held at the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow, 15 May-28 August 2004.
provenance: A. de Valcken fl.1387
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